The influence of the method of identification of the drainage network on its geomorphological characteristics and on its hydrological response is analysed. Blue lines, photo-interpreted networks and networks generated from digital elevation models (DEMs) by an automatic algorithm are compared with field observations for two small alpine catchments. The comparisons are carried out in quantitative terms by using several geomorphological indices and functions and by calculating the hydrological response of the networks as represented by their geomorphologic instantaneous unit hydrograph (GIUH). The results show that the effect of the identification method on the geomorphological indices and on the hydrological response is significant, and that the threshold area for channel initiation is not constant. Moreover, the available data show a poor correlation between local slope and threshold area. Finally, the influence of the threshold area on the shape of the GIUH is larger when the residence time on the hillslopes is of the same order as the residence time in the network. In the opposite case, the variability of the flow velocity along the network seems to play an important role.

INFLUENCE OF THE DRAINAGE NETWORK IDENTIFICATION METHOD ON GEOMORPHOLOGICAL PROPERTIES AND HYDROLOGICAL RESPONSE / C. GANDOLFI, G. B. BISCHETTI. - In: HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES. - ISSN 0885-6087. - 11:4(1997), pp. 353-375.

INFLUENCE OF THE DRAINAGE NETWORK IDENTIFICATION METHOD ON GEOMORPHOLOGICAL PROPERTIES AND HYDROLOGICAL RESPONSE

C. GANDOLFI
Primo
;
G. B. BISCHETTI
Ultimo
1997

Abstract

The influence of the method of identification of the drainage network on its geomorphological characteristics and on its hydrological response is analysed. Blue lines, photo-interpreted networks and networks generated from digital elevation models (DEMs) by an automatic algorithm are compared with field observations for two small alpine catchments. The comparisons are carried out in quantitative terms by using several geomorphological indices and functions and by calculating the hydrological response of the networks as represented by their geomorphologic instantaneous unit hydrograph (GIUH). The results show that the effect of the identification method on the geomorphological indices and on the hydrological response is significant, and that the threshold area for channel initiation is not constant. Moreover, the available data show a poor correlation between local slope and threshold area. Finally, the influence of the threshold area on the shape of the GIUH is larger when the residence time on the hillslopes is of the same order as the residence time in the network. In the opposite case, the variability of the flow velocity along the network seems to play an important role.
Drainage network; Hydrological response; Quantitative geomorphology
Settore AGR/08 - Idraulica Agraria e Sistemazioni Idraulico-Forestali
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/180186
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