BACKGROUND: This is the first study to examine the effect of acute (24-hour) beta-blocker withholding on ventilatory efficiency in patients with advanced chronic heart failure (CHF) during maximal incremental treadmill cardiopulmonary exercise test. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventeen CHF patients were studied either 3 hours after administration of beta-blocker (BB(ON)) or 27 hours after the last beta-blocker ingestion (BB(OFF)). The ventilatory efficiency was measured via the slope of the linear relationship between ventilation (V'(E)) and carbon dioxide production (V'CO2) (ie, V'(E)/V'CO2 slope). Measurements were also made at rest, anaerobic threshold (AT), maximal end-tidal pressure for carbon dioxide (P(ET)CO2max), respiratory compensation point (RC), and peak exercise. Compared with BB(ON), the V'(E)/V'CO2 slope was significantly increased during BB(OFF) (30.8 +/- 7.4 vs. 29.1 +/- 5.4, P = .04). At peak exercise, oxygen uptake (V'O2, 16.0 +/- 2.7 vs. 15.6 +/- 2.8 mL x kg x min) and V'CO2 (1458 +/- 459 vs. 1414 +/- 429 mL/min) were not different between the 2 conditions, whereas V'(E) was higher during BB(OFF) (49.5 +/- 10.7 vs. 46.1 +/- 9.6 L/min, P = .04). No differences were noted at AT and RC in V'O2, V'CO2, V'(E), V'(E)/V'O2, and V'(E)/V'CO2 ratios during the 2 conditions. At P(ET)CO2max, used to noninvasively estimate the CO2 set point, V'(E) was higher (33.9 +/- 7.6 vs. 31.7 +/- 7.3 L/min, P = .002) and P(ET)CO2 was lower (37.4 +/- 4.8 vs. 38.5 +/- 4.0 mm Hg, P = .03), whereas V'CO2 was unchanged (1079 +/- 340 vs. 1050 +/- 322 mL/min) during BB(OFF). CONCLUSION: Acute beta-blocker withholding resulted in decreased ventilatory efficiency mostly from an increase of V'CO2-independent regulation of V'(E) and less likely from a change in ventilation/perfusion mismatching

Effect of acute β-blocker withholding on ventilatory efficiency in patients with advanced chronic heart failure / P. Laveneziana, P. Agostoni, A. Mignatti, S. Mushtaq, P. Colombo, D. Sims, N. Uriel, U. P. Jorde. - In: JOURNAL OF CARDIAC FAILURE. - ISSN 1071-9164. - 16:7(2010 Jul), pp. 548-555.

Effect of acute β-blocker withholding on ventilatory efficiency in patients with advanced chronic heart failure

P. Agostoni
Secondo
;
2010-07

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This is the first study to examine the effect of acute (24-hour) beta-blocker withholding on ventilatory efficiency in patients with advanced chronic heart failure (CHF) during maximal incremental treadmill cardiopulmonary exercise test. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventeen CHF patients were studied either 3 hours after administration of beta-blocker (BB(ON)) or 27 hours after the last beta-blocker ingestion (BB(OFF)). The ventilatory efficiency was measured via the slope of the linear relationship between ventilation (V'(E)) and carbon dioxide production (V'CO2) (ie, V'(E)/V'CO2 slope). Measurements were also made at rest, anaerobic threshold (AT), maximal end-tidal pressure for carbon dioxide (P(ET)CO2max), respiratory compensation point (RC), and peak exercise. Compared with BB(ON), the V'(E)/V'CO2 slope was significantly increased during BB(OFF) (30.8 +/- 7.4 vs. 29.1 +/- 5.4, P = .04). At peak exercise, oxygen uptake (V'O2, 16.0 +/- 2.7 vs. 15.6 +/- 2.8 mL x kg x min) and V'CO2 (1458 +/- 459 vs. 1414 +/- 429 mL/min) were not different between the 2 conditions, whereas V'(E) was higher during BB(OFF) (49.5 +/- 10.7 vs. 46.1 +/- 9.6 L/min, P = .04). No differences were noted at AT and RC in V'O2, V'CO2, V'(E), V'(E)/V'O2, and V'(E)/V'CO2 ratios during the 2 conditions. At P(ET)CO2max, used to noninvasively estimate the CO2 set point, V'(E) was higher (33.9 +/- 7.6 vs. 31.7 +/- 7.3 L/min, P = .002) and P(ET)CO2 was lower (37.4 +/- 4.8 vs. 38.5 +/- 4.0 mm Hg, P = .03), whereas V'CO2 was unchanged (1079 +/- 340 vs. 1050 +/- 322 mL/min) during BB(OFF). CONCLUSION: Acute beta-blocker withholding resulted in decreased ventilatory efficiency mostly from an increase of V'CO2-independent regulation of V'(E) and less likely from a change in ventilation/perfusion mismatching
Heart failure ; humans ; exercise test ; pulmonary gas exchange ; pulmonary ventilation ; adult ; cross-over Sstudies ; adrenergic beta-antagonists ; chronic disease ; middle aged ; time factors ; female ; male
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2010 effect of acute betablocking withholding on Laveneziana.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 301.08 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
301.08 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
2010 effect of acute betablocking withholding on Laveneziana.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 301.08 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
301.08 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/179733
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact