The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effect and nature of hydration on the glass transition temperature (T,) of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) and investigate the physical state of water within the polymer during hygrothermal aging. The polymer was incubated in water at 23, 30, 37 and 55 degrees C, while the vapor sorption studies were carried out at 37 degrees C using saturated salt solutions. The water content and the thermal behavior of PLGA-water system were assessed by Karl Fischer titration and modulated differential scanning calorimetry, respectively, the hygrothermal aging was monitored by gel permeation chromatography. Water depressed reversibly the T-g by about 15 degrees C regardless of the incubation conditions. The T, then remained constant at similar to 30 degrees C for five days, except when degradation occurred. A broad ice melting peak was detected around 0 degrees C. In the sorption studies, a linear correlation (r(2) 0.9837) between the T-g and the moisture content was observed in the range of 0.3-2.6% w/w, but there was no discernible endothermic event associated with the melting of ice. Data were found to fit reasonably well to the Gordon-Taylor/Kelley-Bucche equation. There were no differences between bulk and vapor water aging. It is proposed that the water responsible for plasticizing the polymer was non-freezable (bound) water and the small fraction of such water which was absorbed at high relative humidity caused polymer degradation in the same manner as bulk water. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Plasticizing effect of water on poly (lactide-co-glycolide)|
|Autori interni:||SELMIN, FRANCESCA (Penultimo)|
|Parole Chiave:||PLGA; glass transition temperature; water; plasticization; degradation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jconrel.2005.07.009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|