Context: BRAF(V600E) is considered a primary event, a negative prognostic marker, and a site for pharmacological intervention in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). We asked whether BRAF(V600E) can occur as a subclonal event in PTC and whether this and other oncogenes can coexist in the same tumor. Study Design: We determined by pyrosequencing the percentage of mutant BRAF, NRAS, and KRAS alleles in a series of conventional PTC. We also analyzed the BRAF mutation status in PTC cell clones in culture. Results: BRAF(V600E) alleles were present in 41 of 72 PTC (56.9%) in the range 44.7 to 5.1% of total BRAF alleles. In four PTC samples, mutant BRAF alleles were about 50%, being therefore compatible with a clonal heterozygous mutation. In 27 PTC samples, BRAF(V600E) alleles were in the range of 25 to 5.1%. This finding was confirmed after exclusion of the presence of a large contamination by lymphoreticular cells and by the analysis of PTC cells selected by laser capture. Analysis of clones derived from a single cell confirmed the presence of two distinct PTC populations with wild-type or mutated BRAF. Simultaneous subclonal BRAF and KRAS mutations were demonstrated in two PTC. Conclusions: These data demonstrate that clonal BRAF(V600E) is a rare occurrence in PTC, although frequently this cancer consists of a mixture of tumor cells with wild-type and mutant BRAF. These results suggest that BRAF mutation in PTC is a later subclonal event, its intratumoral heterogeneity may hamper the efficacy of targeted pharmacotherapy, and its association with a more aggressive disease should be reevaluated. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 97:517-524, 2012)

The primary occurrence of BRAF(V600E) is a rare clonal event in papillary thyroid carcinoma / A. Guerra, M. Sapio, V. Marotta, E. Campanile, S. Rossi, I. Forno, L. Fugazzola, A. Budillon, T. Moccia, G. Fenzi, M. Vitale. - In: THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM. - ISSN 0021-972X. - 97:2(2012), pp. 517-524.

The primary occurrence of BRAF(V600E) is a rare clonal event in papillary thyroid carcinoma

I. Forno;L. Fugazzola;
2012

Abstract

Context: BRAF(V600E) is considered a primary event, a negative prognostic marker, and a site for pharmacological intervention in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). We asked whether BRAF(V600E) can occur as a subclonal event in PTC and whether this and other oncogenes can coexist in the same tumor. Study Design: We determined by pyrosequencing the percentage of mutant BRAF, NRAS, and KRAS alleles in a series of conventional PTC. We also analyzed the BRAF mutation status in PTC cell clones in culture. Results: BRAF(V600E) alleles were present in 41 of 72 PTC (56.9%) in the range 44.7 to 5.1% of total BRAF alleles. In four PTC samples, mutant BRAF alleles were about 50%, being therefore compatible with a clonal heterozygous mutation. In 27 PTC samples, BRAF(V600E) alleles were in the range of 25 to 5.1%. This finding was confirmed after exclusion of the presence of a large contamination by lymphoreticular cells and by the analysis of PTC cells selected by laser capture. Analysis of clones derived from a single cell confirmed the presence of two distinct PTC populations with wild-type or mutated BRAF. Simultaneous subclonal BRAF and KRAS mutations were demonstrated in two PTC. Conclusions: These data demonstrate that clonal BRAF(V600E) is a rare occurrence in PTC, although frequently this cancer consists of a mixture of tumor cells with wild-type and mutant BRAF. These results suggest that BRAF mutation in PTC is a later subclonal event, its intratumoral heterogeneity may hamper the efficacy of targeted pharmacotherapy, and its association with a more aggressive disease should be reevaluated. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 97:517-524, 2012)
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
2012
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/179605
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