The accurate characterization of the nuclear symmetry energy and its density dependence is one of the outstanding open problems in nuclear physics. A promising nuclear observable in order to constrain the density dependence of the symmetry energy at saturation is the neutron skin thickness of medium and heavy nuclei. Recently, a low-energy peak in the isovector dipole response of neutron-rich nuclei has been discovered that may be correlated with the neutron skin thickness. The existence of this correlation is currently under debate due to our limited experimental knowledge on the microscopic structure of such a peak. We present a detailed analysis of Skyrme Hartree-Fock (HF) plus random phase approximation (RPA) predictions for the dipole response in several neutron-rich nuclei and try to elucidate whether models of common use in nuclear physics confirm or dismiss its possible connection with the neutron skin thickness. Finally, we briefly present theoretical results for parity violating electron scattering on ${}^{208}$Pb at the conditions of the PREx experiment and discuss the implications for the neutron skin thickness of ${}^{208}$Pb and the slope of the symmetry energy.

The pygmy dipole strength, the neutron radius of 208Pb and the symmetry energy / X. Roca-Maza, M. Brenna, M. Centelles, G. Colo', K. Mizuyama, G. Pozzi, X. Vinas, M. Warda. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONFERENCE SERIES. - ISSN 1742-6588. - 342:1(2012), pp. 012009.012009.1-012009.012009.6. ((Intervento presentato al 2. convegno Iberian nuclear astrophysics meeting tenutosi a Salamanca (Spain) nel 2012.

The pygmy dipole strength, the neutron radius of 208Pb and the symmetry energy

X. Roca-Maza;M. Brenna;G. Colo';
2012

Abstract

The accurate characterization of the nuclear symmetry energy and its density dependence is one of the outstanding open problems in nuclear physics. A promising nuclear observable in order to constrain the density dependence of the symmetry energy at saturation is the neutron skin thickness of medium and heavy nuclei. Recently, a low-energy peak in the isovector dipole response of neutron-rich nuclei has been discovered that may be correlated with the neutron skin thickness. The existence of this correlation is currently under debate due to our limited experimental knowledge on the microscopic structure of such a peak. We present a detailed analysis of Skyrme Hartree-Fock (HF) plus random phase approximation (RPA) predictions for the dipole response in several neutron-rich nuclei and try to elucidate whether models of common use in nuclear physics confirm or dismiss its possible connection with the neutron skin thickness. Finally, we briefly present theoretical results for parity violating electron scattering on ${}^{208}$Pb at the conditions of the PREx experiment and discuss the implications for the neutron skin thickness of ${}^{208}$Pb and the slope of the symmetry energy.
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/179502
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