"Schiave" collectively refers to grapevine cultivars presently grown on the Southern and Northern slopes of the Eastern Alps and bearing different names (Schiava, Trollinger, Rossara, Rossola, Geschlafene, Gansfüsser, Urban and others). Their common origin has been suggested by historic, linguistic and ampelographic considerations. This hypothesis has now been assayed by using more direct approaches based on AFLP and SSR analysis. The present paper shows: (1), that AFLP and SSR give comparable results when used to study genomic similarity among the Schiave grapevine cultivars, and (2) that "Schiave" is used to group grapevine cultivars that are genetically heterogeneous. In fact, a dendrogram constructed from an AFLP analysis of the 33 best-known Schiave (or correlated) cultivars, shows different, and in some cases relevant, degrees of genomic dissimilarity. The analysed cultivars cluster into at least five taxonomic groups with specific geographic distribution along the valleys of Valtellina, Bergamo and Brescia and those of South Tyrol and Swabia. It is concluded that the common definition "Schiave" refers to a similar cultivation practice in contiguous regions rather than to a common genetic background.

The use of AFLP and SSR molecular markers to decipher homonyms and synonyms in grapevine cultivars : the case of varietal groups known as “Schiave” / T. Fossati, M. Labra, S. Castiglione, O. Failla, A. Scienza, F. Sala. - In: THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS. - ISSN 0040-5752. - 102:2-3(2001), pp. 200-205.

The use of AFLP and SSR molecular markers to decipher homonyms and synonyms in grapevine cultivars : the case of varietal groups known as “Schiave”

FOSSATI, TIZIANA;CASTIGLIONE, STEFANO;O. Failla;A. Scienza;
2001

Abstract

"Schiave" collectively refers to grapevine cultivars presently grown on the Southern and Northern slopes of the Eastern Alps and bearing different names (Schiava, Trollinger, Rossara, Rossola, Geschlafene, Gansfüsser, Urban and others). Their common origin has been suggested by historic, linguistic and ampelographic considerations. This hypothesis has now been assayed by using more direct approaches based on AFLP and SSR analysis. The present paper shows: (1), that AFLP and SSR give comparable results when used to study genomic similarity among the Schiave grapevine cultivars, and (2) that "Schiave" is used to group grapevine cultivars that are genetically heterogeneous. In fact, a dendrogram constructed from an AFLP analysis of the 33 best-known Schiave (or correlated) cultivars, shows different, and in some cases relevant, degrees of genomic dissimilarity. The analysed cultivars cluster into at least five taxonomic groups with specific geographic distribution along the valleys of Valtellina, Bergamo and Brescia and those of South Tyrol and Swabia. It is concluded that the common definition "Schiave" refers to a similar cultivation practice in contiguous regions rather than to a common genetic background.
Settore AGR/03 - Arboricoltura Generale e Coltivazioni Arboree
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/179050
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