OBJECTIVE: To investigate maternal thrombophilia in cases of Stillbirth (SB), also an uncertain topic because most case series were not characterised for cause/associated conditions of death. STUDY DESIGN: In a consecutive, prospective, multicentre design, maternal DNA was obtained in 171 cases of antenatal SB and 326 controls (uneventful pregnancy at term, 1:2 ratio). Diagnostic work-up of SB included obstetric history, neonatologist inspection, placenta histology, autopsy, microbiology/chromosome evaluations. Results audited in each centre were classified by two of us by using CoDAC. Cases were subdivided into explained SB where a cause of death was identified and although no defined cause was detected in the remnants, 64 cases found conditions associated with placenta-vascular disorders (including preeclampsia, growth restriction and placenta abruption - PVD). In the remnant 79 cases, no cause of death or associated condition was found. Antithrombin activity, Factor V Leiden, G20210A Prothrombin mutation (FII mutation) and acquired thrombophilia were analysed. RESULTS: Overall, the presence of a thrombophilic defect was significantly more prevalent in mothers with SBs compared to controls. In particular, SB mothers showed an increased risk of carrying Factor II mutation (OR=3.2, 95% CI: 1.3-8.3, p=0.01), namely in unexplained cases. Such mutation was significantly associated also with previous SB (OR=8.9, 95%CI 1.2-70.5). At multiple logistic regression, Factor II mutation was the only significantly associated variable with SB (adj OR=3.8, 95% CI: 1.3-13.5). CONCLUSION: These data suggest that Factor II mutation is the only condition specifically associated with unexplained SB and could represents a risk of recurrence. PVD-associated condition is unrelated to thrombophilia
Relation between maternal trombophilia and stillbirth according to causes/associated conditions of death / F. Monari, S. Alberico, L. Avagliano, I. Cetin, S. Cozzolino, G. Gargano, L. Marozio, F. Mecacci, I. Neri, F. Tranquilli. - In: EARLY HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 0378-3782. - 88:4(2012 Apr), pp. 251-254.
|Titolo:||Relation between maternal trombophilia and stillbirth according to causes/associated conditions of death|
|Parole Chiave:||Acquired thrombophilia; Factor II mutation; Factor V Leiden; Placenta vascular disorders; Stillbirth|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2011.08.013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|