NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (DT-diaphorase) appears to be a 2-electron transfer flavoprotein, which catalyzes the conversion of quinones into hydroquinones. Upon photoreduction in the presence of dimethylformamide, the enzyme forms a red semiquinone. In the absence of dimethylformamide, only 10% of the radical form is thermodynamically stabilized. This indicates a redox potential of the enzyme-bound semiquinone/reduced flavin couple that is higher than the midpoint potential for the oxidized flavin/semiquinone couple. The 2-electron redox potential was determined to be -159 ± 3 mV at 25 °C, pH 7.0. In the presence of benzoquinone or 3-aminopyridine adenine dinucleotide phosphate, as NADPH analogue, there is no change in the redox properties of the enzyme flavin. A significant decrease is observed in the presence of the competitive inhibitor dicumarol (Em = -234 ± 2 mV at pH 7.0). The reaction mechanism of the flavoprotein has been investigated by steady-state and stopped-flow kinetic methods using NADPH, NADH, deamino-NADPH, and 3-acetylpyridine adenine dinucleotide reduced form (APADH) as electron donors and K3Fe(CN)6, 4,5-dihydro-4,5-dioxo-1H-pyrrolo-[2,3-f]quinoline-2,7,9-tricarboxylic acid (PQQ), and 2,5-diaziridinyl-3,6-bis(carboethoxyamino)-1,4-benzoquinone (AZQ) as electron acceptors in 50 mM phosphate buffer, pH 7.0, 25 °C. No evidence could be obtained to indicate that semiquinoid intermediates play a part in the catalytic mechanism of DT-diaphorase with quinones as acceptors. The rates of the reduction by NADPH, NADH, deamino-NADPH, and APADH (1.3 × 109, 8.8 × 108, 8.3 × 108 and 9.8 × 106 M-1 min-1, respectively) as well as the rates of the reoxidation by PQQ and AZQ (9 × 104 and 2.8 × 106 M-1 min-1, respectively) are directly proportional to substrate concentration, and there is no evidence of the formation of enzyme-substrate complexes. If such complexes do indeed exist, the affinity of the enzyme for substrate must be extremely low. Using K3Fe(CN)6 as electron acceptor, the rate of oxidation of fully reduced enzyme is 4.6 × 107 M-1 min-1 and it is accurately proportional to ferricyanide concentration. This rate represents that of flavin semiquinone formation, with the subsequent oxidation of the semiquinone being much faster, since no spectral evidence for semiquinone formation could be obtained. Studies were also conducted attempting to use apo-DT-diaphorase reconstituted with PQQ as coenzyme. The lack of activity toward AZQ, K3Fe(CN)6, and menadione suggests that DT-diaphorase can use PQQ only as electron acceptor and not as redox cofactor.

DT-diaphorase : Redox potential, steady-state, and rapid reaction studies / G. Tedeschi, S. Chen, V. Massey. - In: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-9258. - 270:3(1995), pp. 1198-1204.

DT-diaphorase : Redox potential, steady-state, and rapid reaction studies

G. Tedeschi
Primo
;
1995

Abstract

NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (DT-diaphorase) appears to be a 2-electron transfer flavoprotein, which catalyzes the conversion of quinones into hydroquinones. Upon photoreduction in the presence of dimethylformamide, the enzyme forms a red semiquinone. In the absence of dimethylformamide, only 10% of the radical form is thermodynamically stabilized. This indicates a redox potential of the enzyme-bound semiquinone/reduced flavin couple that is higher than the midpoint potential for the oxidized flavin/semiquinone couple. The 2-electron redox potential was determined to be -159 ± 3 mV at 25 °C, pH 7.0. In the presence of benzoquinone or 3-aminopyridine adenine dinucleotide phosphate, as NADPH analogue, there is no change in the redox properties of the enzyme flavin. A significant decrease is observed in the presence of the competitive inhibitor dicumarol (Em = -234 ± 2 mV at pH 7.0). The reaction mechanism of the flavoprotein has been investigated by steady-state and stopped-flow kinetic methods using NADPH, NADH, deamino-NADPH, and 3-acetylpyridine adenine dinucleotide reduced form (APADH) as electron donors and K3Fe(CN)6, 4,5-dihydro-4,5-dioxo-1H-pyrrolo-[2,3-f]quinoline-2,7,9-tricarboxylic acid (PQQ), and 2,5-diaziridinyl-3,6-bis(carboethoxyamino)-1,4-benzoquinone (AZQ) as electron acceptors in 50 mM phosphate buffer, pH 7.0, 25 °C. No evidence could be obtained to indicate that semiquinoid intermediates play a part in the catalytic mechanism of DT-diaphorase with quinones as acceptors. The rates of the reduction by NADPH, NADH, deamino-NADPH, and APADH (1.3 × 109, 8.8 × 108, 8.3 × 108 and 9.8 × 106 M-1 min-1, respectively) as well as the rates of the reoxidation by PQQ and AZQ (9 × 104 and 2.8 × 106 M-1 min-1, respectively) are directly proportional to substrate concentration, and there is no evidence of the formation of enzyme-substrate complexes. If such complexes do indeed exist, the affinity of the enzyme for substrate must be extremely low. Using K3Fe(CN)6 as electron acceptor, the rate of oxidation of fully reduced enzyme is 4.6 × 107 M-1 min-1 and it is accurately proportional to ferricyanide concentration. This rate represents that of flavin semiquinone formation, with the subsequent oxidation of the semiquinone being much faster, since no spectral evidence for semiquinone formation could be obtained. Studies were also conducted attempting to use apo-DT-diaphorase reconstituted with PQQ as coenzyme. The lack of activity toward AZQ, K3Fe(CN)6, and menadione suggests that DT-diaphorase can use PQQ only as electron acceptor and not as redox cofactor.
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/178551
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