Gimarc's topological charge stabilization rule (TCS), for addressing site preference, has been extended to the realm of metal carbonyl clusters using Alien's energy indexes (EIs) instead of charges. EIs have been computed within the extended Huckel (EH) approximation and, in order to assess an internal electronegativity scale for transition metals and to allow comparisons across the periodic table, a homogeneous set of EH parameters has been determined. EIs have been shown to behave similarly to charges on ''clusters'' with a rigid ligand stereochemistry like carboranes but, when one deals with metal carbonyl clusters and their intriguing ligand mobility, EIs are definitely superior to charges. EIs do address both ''skeletal'' and ''ligand'' site preferences according to the following rules of thumb: (i) more electronegative metal atoms occupy higher EI sites of the uniform reference frame (URF) (i.e. the one with the lower local electronegativity) and (ii) (nucleophilic) ligand substitution preferentially occurs on the lowest energy index site of the URF (i.e. the one with the largest electrophilic character). Previous attempts to rationalize site preference in metal clusters were mainly concerned with the relative strengths of metal-metal and metal-ligand bonds and substantially disregarded electronegativity differences between different metal atoms. In contrast, we have shown that the latter are important whenever the actual URF allows for different EIs on different metal sites. In particular, differences in electronegativity have been shown to be important for M5L15 and M5L14 but not for M5L12 bipyramidal metal carbonyl clusters.
Site preference of ligand and metal substitution in trigonal-bipyramidal metal carbonyl clusters / P. Macchi, D. Proserpio, A. Sironi. - In: ORGANOMETALLICS. - ISSN 0276-7333. - 16:10(1997), pp. 2101-2109.
|Titolo:||Site preference of ligand and metal substitution in trigonal-bipyramidal metal carbonyl clusters|
MACCHI, PIERO (Primo)
PROSERPIO, DAVIDE MARIA (Secondo)
SIRONI, ANGELO AGOSTINO DANIELE (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/om960854l|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|