The mandelic acid amide, mandipropamid, which belongs to the carboxylic acid amide (CAA) fungicides, is active against Plasmopara viticola, the causal agent of grapevine downy mildew. The fungicide primarily inhibits the germination of encysted zoospores, thus preventing the pathogen s penetration into the host tissues, but it also shows curative effects. In this study, the infection structures of P. viticola in both leaves and berries were investigated to detect the histological and ultrastructural alterations induced by mandipropamid when applied after inoculation. Compared to the untreated samples characterized by a diffuse colonization of the tissues and by a normal ultrastructure of the pathogen, the application of mandipropamid 24 h after inoculation with P. viticola reduced pathogen colonization in leaves and berries. In addition, detachment of the plasmalemma from the hyphal and haustorial walls was observed 72 h after inoculation. In the berries, an abnormal proliferation of the pathogen plasma membrane was observed. Collapsed hyphae and haustoria in treated leaves were surrounded by callose or encapsulated in an amorphous material inside the host cell 72 h after inoculation, while a similar effect was observed in later stages (7 days) in berries. The results confirm that mandipropamid, which acts at the interface between the pathogen plasmalemma and cell wall, has curative activity against P. viticola, appearing more rapidly in leaves than in berries.
Histological and ultrastructural studies on teh curative effects of mandipropamid on Plasmopara viticola / S.L. Toffolatti, D. Maffi, L. Serrati, A. Vercesi. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0931-1785. - 159:4(2011), pp. 201-207.
|Titolo:||Histological and ultrastructural studies on teh curative effects of mandipropamid on Plasmopara viticola|
TOFFOLATTI, SILVIA LAURA (Primo)
MAFFI, DARIO (Secondo)
VERCESI, ANNAMARIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||oomycete ; obligate biotroph ; carboxylic acid amide fungicides|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/12 - Patologia Vegetale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0434.2010.01748.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|