The therapeutic options for the treatment of androgen-independent prostatic cancers are rather limited; this is mainly because our understanding of the local mechanisms involved in the control of androgen-independent proliferation of the tumor is still very poor. The present experiments have been performed to verify whether luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists may possess a direct effect on the growth of the human androgen-independent prostate cancer cells DU 145 and whether a LHRH growth regulatory system may be present in these cells. The data have shown that two potent LHRH agonists (Zoladex and Buserelin) exert a significant and dose-dependent antiproliferative action on DU 145 cells, after 4 days of treatment. The inhibitory action of Zoladex and Buserelin is completely counteracted by the simultaneous treatment of the cells with a potent LHRH antagonist, suggesting that the action of the LHRH agonists may be mediated by specific receptors. This hypothesis has been confirmed by the demonstration that low-affinity binding sites for 125I-Buserelin are present on DU 145 cell membranes, particularly when cells are cultured in serum-free conditions. By using the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction technique, in the presence of a pair of specific oligonucleotide primers complementary to the human LHRH complementary DNA, it has been demonstrated that a mRNA for LHRH is expressed in DU 145 cells. Taken together, these data seem to indicate that an autocrine/paracrine LHRH (or LHRH-like) loop is present in androgen-independent prostate cancer cells, and may participate in the regulation of tumor cell growth. To verify this hypothesis, DU 145 cells have been cultured in serum-free conditions, and treated with a LHRH antagonist for 4 days. The treatment resulted in a significant increase of cell proliferation, suggesting an inhibitory role for the LHRH system in the local regulation of cell growth. In conclusion, these data demonstrate that: (a) LHRH agonists exert a specific antiproliferative action on the human androgen-independent DU 145 cells; (b) an autocrine/paracrine LHRH (or LHRH-like) loop, which seems to be inhibitory on cell proliferation, is expressed in DU 145 cells.

Antiproliferative effects of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists on human androgen-independent prostate cancer cell line DU 145: evidence for an autocrine-inhibitory LHRH loop / D. Dondi, P. Limonta, R. M. Moretti, M. Montagnani Marelli, E. Garattini, M. Motta. - In: CANCER RESEARCH. - ISSN 0008-5472. - 54:15(1994 Aug 01), pp. 4091-4095.

Antiproliferative effects of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists on human androgen-independent prostate cancer cell line DU 145: evidence for an autocrine-inhibitory LHRH loop

D. Dondi
Primo
;
P. Limonta
Secondo
;
R. M. Moretti;M. Montagnani Marelli;M. Motta
Ultimo
1994-08-01

Abstract

The therapeutic options for the treatment of androgen-independent prostatic cancers are rather limited; this is mainly because our understanding of the local mechanisms involved in the control of androgen-independent proliferation of the tumor is still very poor. The present experiments have been performed to verify whether luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists may possess a direct effect on the growth of the human androgen-independent prostate cancer cells DU 145 and whether a LHRH growth regulatory system may be present in these cells. The data have shown that two potent LHRH agonists (Zoladex and Buserelin) exert a significant and dose-dependent antiproliferative action on DU 145 cells, after 4 days of treatment. The inhibitory action of Zoladex and Buserelin is completely counteracted by the simultaneous treatment of the cells with a potent LHRH antagonist, suggesting that the action of the LHRH agonists may be mediated by specific receptors. This hypothesis has been confirmed by the demonstration that low-affinity binding sites for 125I-Buserelin are present on DU 145 cell membranes, particularly when cells are cultured in serum-free conditions. By using the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction technique, in the presence of a pair of specific oligonucleotide primers complementary to the human LHRH complementary DNA, it has been demonstrated that a mRNA for LHRH is expressed in DU 145 cells. Taken together, these data seem to indicate that an autocrine/paracrine LHRH (or LHRH-like) loop is present in androgen-independent prostate cancer cells, and may participate in the regulation of tumor cell growth. To verify this hypothesis, DU 145 cells have been cultured in serum-free conditions, and treated with a LHRH antagonist for 4 days. The treatment resulted in a significant increase of cell proliferation, suggesting an inhibitory role for the LHRH system in the local regulation of cell growth. In conclusion, these data demonstrate that: (a) LHRH agonists exert a specific antiproliferative action on the human androgen-independent DU 145 cells; (b) an autocrine/paracrine LHRH (or LHRH-like) loop, which seems to be inhibitory on cell proliferation, is expressed in DU 145 cells.
Rats ; Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor ; Buserelin ; Animals ; Rats, Sprague-Dawley ; Tumor Cells, Cultured ; Goserelin ; Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone ; Prostatic Neoplasms ; Receptors, LHRH ; Male ; Cell Division
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/54/15/4091.long
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/177805
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