We studied the feasibility of employing the measurement of thyroglobulin (Tg) in the washout of the needle used to perform the fine needle aspiration cytology (FNA-Tg) for the differential diagnosis of nonthyroidal neck masses of unknown etiology. We studied 35 patients presenting for 1 or more neck lumps outside the thyroid gland. A previous history of treated differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) was given by 23 patients and of nonthyroidal malignancy by 3 patients. FNA-Tg was measured in the Tg-free serum used to wash out the needle employed for the cytology. Finally, all patients were treated by surgery. FNA-Tg was always detectable in 14 patients with thyroid cancer metastases demonstrated by histology, with a mean (+/-SD) of 27,087 +/- 37,622 ng/FNA (P < 0.002) compared to patients without thyroid cancer metastases (mean +/- SD, 12.1 +/- 4.8 ng/FNA in 7 cases; undetectable in 14 cases). Assuming 21.7 ng/FNA (the mean +/- 2 SD of the negative patients) as the cut-off value, all patients with metastases from DTC were detected by FNA-Tg. FNA-Tg had better negative predictive value than cytology, since this last technique gave 10 inconclusive results, comprising 2 false negative results in patients with metastases from DTC. Our results indicate that elevated concentrations of FNA-Tg in nonthyroidal neck nodes strongly suggest the diagnosis of metastases from DTC.

Detection of thyroglobulin in fine needle aspirates of nonthyroidal neck masses: a clue to the diagnosis of metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer / F. Pacini, L. Fugazzola, F. Lippi, C. Ceccarelli, R. Centoni, P. Miccoli, R. Elisei, A. Pinchera. - In: THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM. - ISSN 0021-972X. - 74:6(1992), pp. 1401-1404.

Detection of thyroglobulin in fine needle aspirates of nonthyroidal neck masses: a clue to the diagnosis of metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer

L. Fugazzola
Secondo
;
1992

Abstract

We studied the feasibility of employing the measurement of thyroglobulin (Tg) in the washout of the needle used to perform the fine needle aspiration cytology (FNA-Tg) for the differential diagnosis of nonthyroidal neck masses of unknown etiology. We studied 35 patients presenting for 1 or more neck lumps outside the thyroid gland. A previous history of treated differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) was given by 23 patients and of nonthyroidal malignancy by 3 patients. FNA-Tg was measured in the Tg-free serum used to wash out the needle employed for the cytology. Finally, all patients were treated by surgery. FNA-Tg was always detectable in 14 patients with thyroid cancer metastases demonstrated by histology, with a mean (+/-SD) of 27,087 +/- 37,622 ng/FNA (P < 0.002) compared to patients without thyroid cancer metastases (mean +/- SD, 12.1 +/- 4.8 ng/FNA in 7 cases; undetectable in 14 cases). Assuming 21.7 ng/FNA (the mean +/- 2 SD of the negative patients) as the cut-off value, all patients with metastases from DTC were detected by FNA-Tg. FNA-Tg had better negative predictive value than cytology, since this last technique gave 10 inconclusive results, comprising 2 false negative results in patients with metastases from DTC. Our results indicate that elevated concentrations of FNA-Tg in nonthyroidal neck nodes strongly suggest the diagnosis of metastases from DTC.
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/177550
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