This study presents new measurements of Fe3+ in garnet, olivine, clino- and orthopyroxene of a mantle-derived garnet peridotite from Donghai County, the southeastern end of the Sulu ultrahigh pressure terrane. These rocks correspond to a slice of supra-subduction lithospheric mantle wedge, tectonically emplaced into the crust. They record a multistage metasomatism by an alkali-rich silicate melt at high temperature, and a subsequent influx of a slab-derived incompatible element and silicate- rich fluid during the Triassic UHP metamorphism. We employed two "unconventional" techniques to measure the Fe3+/ΣFe content of mineral phases with high spatial resolution: (i) the Flank Method electron microprobe analyses for garnet, performing for the first time quantitative Fe2O3 map analyses on zoned garnets at the Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, University of Milano, and (ii) the Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (EELS) for garnet, olivine and pyroxenes, at the Bayerisches Geoinstitut, University of Bayreuth. The results indicate that the pyrope-rich metasomatic garnets present a chemical zoning, with the complementary decrease in Al2O3 from ~23 to ~21 wt.%, relative to the increase of Fe2O3 from ~0.8 to ~2.5 wt.%. Such a trend is likely related to the Fe3+-Al substitution in the garnet octahedral site, which is sensitive to the garnet oxidation state. Clinopyroxenes are diopsidic in composition, whereas olivine and orthopyroxene have ~92 mol.% of forsterite and enstatite, respectively. The EELS measurements show that clinopyroxene contains relatively high Fe3+/ΣFe ratios and Na contents, ranging from 0.48 to 0.51 and from 0.13 to 0.17 a.p.f.u., respectively. Interestingly, also orthopyroxene may contain Fe3+/ΣFe up to 0.10 (±0.05), a percentage comparable to that of garnet, with important consequences in the study of redox processes in mantle rocks and in the application of many geothermometers. Garnet/clinopyroxene and orthopyroxene/clinopyroxene qualitative partitioning indicates a minimum redistribution of Fe3+ from clinopyroxene to garnet. The enrichment in Fe3+ of Ca-clinopyroxene requires the incorporation of a NaFe3+Si2O6 (aegerine) component, particularly in garnet peridotites where the Al content of clinopyroxene is buffered by its coexistence with garnet. The coupled Na-Fe3+ enrichment of our clinopyroxene likely suggests a corresponding enrichment in the whole rock. The Fe3+ substitution mechanism into clinopyroxene as aegerine component could be therefore favoured by the influx of Fe2O3- alkali-rich metasomatic fluid phases. This suggests that a possible net bulk oxidation and the redistribution of Fe3+ between garnet and pyroxenes could depend on additional variables besides temperature and pressure. Such mechanisms open new possibilities to unravel the redox processes occurring in the portion of mantle wedge interfacing the subducting slab, which is a key location where the mantle redox reactions likely occur.

Fe3+ distribution between garnet and pyroxenes in mantle wedge carbonate-bearing garnet peridotites (Sulu, China) and implications for their oxidation state / N. Malaspina, F. Langenhorst, P. Fumagalli, S. Tumiati, S. Poli. - In: LITHOS. - ISSN 0024-4937. - 146/147(2012 Apr), pp. 11-17.

Fe3+ distribution between garnet and pyroxenes in mantle wedge carbonate-bearing garnet peridotites (Sulu, China) and implications for their oxidation state

P. Fumagalli;S. Tumiati
Penultimo
;
S. Poli
Ultimo
2012

Abstract

This study presents new measurements of Fe3+ in garnet, olivine, clino- and orthopyroxene of a mantle-derived garnet peridotite from Donghai County, the southeastern end of the Sulu ultrahigh pressure terrane. These rocks correspond to a slice of supra-subduction lithospheric mantle wedge, tectonically emplaced into the crust. They record a multistage metasomatism by an alkali-rich silicate melt at high temperature, and a subsequent influx of a slab-derived incompatible element and silicate- rich fluid during the Triassic UHP metamorphism. We employed two "unconventional" techniques to measure the Fe3+/ΣFe content of mineral phases with high spatial resolution: (i) the Flank Method electron microprobe analyses for garnet, performing for the first time quantitative Fe2O3 map analyses on zoned garnets at the Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, University of Milano, and (ii) the Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (EELS) for garnet, olivine and pyroxenes, at the Bayerisches Geoinstitut, University of Bayreuth. The results indicate that the pyrope-rich metasomatic garnets present a chemical zoning, with the complementary decrease in Al2O3 from ~23 to ~21 wt.%, relative to the increase of Fe2O3 from ~0.8 to ~2.5 wt.%. Such a trend is likely related to the Fe3+-Al substitution in the garnet octahedral site, which is sensitive to the garnet oxidation state. Clinopyroxenes are diopsidic in composition, whereas olivine and orthopyroxene have ~92 mol.% of forsterite and enstatite, respectively. The EELS measurements show that clinopyroxene contains relatively high Fe3+/ΣFe ratios and Na contents, ranging from 0.48 to 0.51 and from 0.13 to 0.17 a.p.f.u., respectively. Interestingly, also orthopyroxene may contain Fe3+/ΣFe up to 0.10 (±0.05), a percentage comparable to that of garnet, with important consequences in the study of redox processes in mantle rocks and in the application of many geothermometers. Garnet/clinopyroxene and orthopyroxene/clinopyroxene qualitative partitioning indicates a minimum redistribution of Fe3+ from clinopyroxene to garnet. The enrichment in Fe3+ of Ca-clinopyroxene requires the incorporation of a NaFe3+Si2O6 (aegerine) component, particularly in garnet peridotites where the Al content of clinopyroxene is buffered by its coexistence with garnet. The coupled Na-Fe3+ enrichment of our clinopyroxene likely suggests a corresponding enrichment in the whole rock. The Fe3+ substitution mechanism into clinopyroxene as aegerine component could be therefore favoured by the influx of Fe2O3- alkali-rich metasomatic fluid phases. This suggests that a possible net bulk oxidation and the redistribution of Fe3+ between garnet and pyroxenes could depend on additional variables besides temperature and pressure. Such mechanisms open new possibilities to unravel the redox processes occurring in the portion of mantle wedge interfacing the subducting slab, which is a key location where the mantle redox reactions likely occur.
Oxygen fugacity; Subduction; peridotite; Fe3+ partitioning; Flank method; Electron energy loss spectroscopy
Settore GEO/07 - Petrologia e Petrografia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/177483
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