In 6 anesthetized mechanically ventilated pigs we have studied the effects of inhalation of 80 ppm of nitric oxide (NO) before and after platelet-activating factor (PAF) administration (50 ng/kg iv). Our results show that NO inhalation causes a decrease in pulmonary arterial pressure and in heart rate without affecting other circulatory parameters. PAF administration causes a pulmonary hypertension and a prompt and brief decrease in systemic pressure. Inhalation of NO reduces the pulmonary hypertension, without completely reversing PAF-dependent vasoconstriction. PAF administration to pigs pretreated with indomethacin produces a lesser increase in pulmonary vascular pressure. In this case, NO inhalation can restore to baseline values. Pretreatment of 3 of the 6 pigs with NG-nitro-l-arginine-methyl-ester did not prevent the prompt and brief PAF-induced systemic hypotension. In conclusion, our results show that NO reduces basal pulmonary vascular tone, acts as a pulmonary vasodilator on PAF-preconstricted vessels and is not involved in the brief systemic hypotension consequent to PAF administration.

In pigs, inhaled nitric oxide (NO) counterbalances PAF-induced pulmonary hypertension / M. Albertini, M.G. Clement. - In: PROSTAGLANDINS LEUKOTRIENES AND ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS. - ISSN 0952-3278. - 51:5(1994 Nov), pp. 357-362.

In pigs, inhaled nitric oxide (NO) counterbalances PAF-induced pulmonary hypertension

M. Albertini
Primo
;
M.G. Clement
Ultimo
1994

Abstract

In 6 anesthetized mechanically ventilated pigs we have studied the effects of inhalation of 80 ppm of nitric oxide (NO) before and after platelet-activating factor (PAF) administration (50 ng/kg iv). Our results show that NO inhalation causes a decrease in pulmonary arterial pressure and in heart rate without affecting other circulatory parameters. PAF administration causes a pulmonary hypertension and a prompt and brief decrease in systemic pressure. Inhalation of NO reduces the pulmonary hypertension, without completely reversing PAF-dependent vasoconstriction. PAF administration to pigs pretreated with indomethacin produces a lesser increase in pulmonary vascular pressure. In this case, NO inhalation can restore to baseline values. Pretreatment of 3 of the 6 pigs with NG-nitro-l-arginine-methyl-ester did not prevent the prompt and brief PAF-induced systemic hypotension. In conclusion, our results show that NO reduces basal pulmonary vascular tone, acts as a pulmonary vasodilator on PAF-preconstricted vessels and is not involved in the brief systemic hypotension consequent to PAF administration.
Settore VET/02 - Fisiologia Veterinaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/176755
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