The respiratory and vascular effects of Endothelin-1 (ET-1) were evaluated in six anesthetized and spontaneously breathing pigs. ET-1 was administered intrajugularly as a bolus of 100 pmol/Kg. Then the vascular effects of the peptide, administered at the same dose, were evaluated in the same pigs during mechanical ventilation. Our results show that during mechanical ventilation ET-1 has a biphasic effect on pulmonary and systemic arterial pressure, while in spontaneously breathing pigs it affects only pulmonary arterial pressure. Our results also show that ET-1 changes the breathing pattern, lengthening the inspiration and expiration times. During pulmonary hypertension, the lengthening might be due to a vagal reflex, while during pulmonary hypotension it might be due to direct involvement of ET-1 in the control of the breathing pattern.
|Titolo:||Endothelin-1 and breathing pattern in pig|
CLEMENT, MARIA GIOVANNA (Primo)
ALBERTINI, MARIANGELA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/02 - Fisiologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|