B0B0BAR oscillation is studied using almost a million hadronic Z decays collected by the ALEPH experiment at LEP. Events are selected with two leptons present, on opposite sides of the event and with high transverse momentum. The leptons are expected to be dominantly from b decays; a topological vertexing technique is applied to measure the decay length of the b hadrons, and their momentum is determined using an energy-flow method. The fraction of events in which the leptons have the same charge is studied as a function of the measured decay time, and clear evidence is seen for the time-dependent nature of B(d)0B(d)0BAR mixing. The frequency measured for the oscillation corresponds to a mass difference for the B(d)0 mass eigenstates DELTAm(d) = (3.3(+0.5/-0.4) +/- 0.7) x 10(-4) eV/C2. Allowing a second frequency component for the B(s)0 a high value for DELTAm(s) is favoured, leading to the limit DELTAm(s) > 12 x 10(-4) eV/c2 (95% CL), from which (DELTAm/GAMMA)s > 2.0 is derived.

An investigation of B0d and B0S oscillation / D. Buskulic, I. Debonis, D. Decamp, P. Ghez, C. Goy, J. Lees, M. Minard, P. Odier, B. Pietrzyk, F. Ariztizabal, P. Comas, J. Crespo, I. Efthymiopoulos, E. Fernandez, M. Fernandezbosman, V. Gaitan, L. Garrido, M. Martinez, T. Mattison, S. Orteu, A. Pacheco, C. Padilla, A. Pascual, D. Creanza, M. Depalma, A. Farilla, G. Iaselli, G. Maggi, N. Marinelli, S. Natali, S. Nuzzo, A. Ranieri, G. Raso, F. Romano, F. Ruggieri, G. Selvaggi, L. Silvestris, P. Tempesta, G. Zito, Y. Chai, H. Hu, D. Huang, X. Huang, J. Lin, T. Wang, Y. Xie, D. Xu, R. Xu, J. Zhang, L. Zhang, W. Zhao, G. Bonvicini, J. Boudreau, D. Casper, H. Drevermann, R. Forty, G. Ganis, C. Gay, M. Girone, R. Hagelberg, J. Harvey, J. Hilgart, R. Jacobsen, B. Jost, J. Knobloch, J. Lehraus, M. Maggi, C. Markou, P. Mato, H. Meinhard, A. Minten, R. Miquel, H. Moser, P. Palazzi, J. Pater, J. Perlas, P. Perrodo, J. Pusztaszeri, F. Ranjard, L. Rolandi, J. Rothberg, T. Ruan, M. Saich, D. Schlatter, M. Schmelling, F. Sefkow, W. Tejessy, J. Tomalin, R. Veenhof, H. Wachsmuth, S. Wasserbaech, W. Wiedenmann, T. Wildish, W. Witzeling, J. Wotschack, Z. Ajaltouni, M. Bardadinotwinowska, A. Barres, C. Boyer, A. Falvard, P. Gay, C. Guicheney, P. Henrard, J. Jousset, B. Michel, J. Montret, D. Pallin, P. Perret, F. Podlyski, J. Proriol, F. Saadi, T. Fearnley, J. Hansen, J. Hansen, J. Hansen, P. Hansen, S. Johnson, R. Mollerud, B. Nilsson, A. Kyriakis, E. Simopoulou, I. Siotis, A. Vayaki, K. Zachariadou, J. Badier, A. Blondel, G. Bonneaud, J. Brient, P. Bourdon, G. Fouque, L. Passalacqua, A. Rouge, M. Rumpf, R. Tanaka, M. Verderi, H. Videau, D. Candlin, M. Parsons, E. Veitch, E. Focardi, L. Moneta, G. Parrini, M. Corden, M. Delfino, C. Georgiopoulos, D. Jaffe, D. Levinthal, A. Antonelli, G. Bencivenni, G. Bologna, F. Bossi, P. Campana, G. Capon, F. Cerutti, V. Chiarella, G. Felici, P. Laurelli, G. Mannocchi, F. Murtas, G. Murtas, M. Pepealtarelli, S. Salomone, P. Colrain, I. Tenhave, I. Knowles, J. Lynch, W. Maitland, W. Morton, C. Raine, P. Reeves, J. Scarr, K. Smith, M. Smith, A. Thompson, S. Thorn, R. Turnbull, B. Brandl, O. Braun, C. Geweniger, P. Hanke, V. Hepp, E. Kluge, Y. Maumary, A. Putzer, B. Rensch, A. Stahl, K. Tittel, M. Wunsch, R. Beuselinck, D. Binnie, W. Cameron, M. Cattaneo, D. Colling, P. Dornan, J. Hassard, N. Lieske, A. Moutoussi, J. Nash, S. Patton, S. Patton, D. Payne, M. Phillips, G. Sanmartin, J. Sedgbeer, A. Wright, P. Girtler, D. Kuhn, G. Rudolph, R. Vogl, C. Bowdery, T. Brodbeck, A. Finch, F. Foster, G. Hughes, D. Jackson, N. Keemer, M. Nuttall, A. Patel, T. Sloan, S. Snow, E. Whelan, A. Galla, A. Greene, K. Kleinknecht, J. Raab, B. Renk, H. Sander, H. Schmidt, S. Walther, R. Wanke, B. Wolf, A. Bencheikh, C. Benchouk, A. Bonissent, D. Calvet, J. Carr, P. Coyle, C. Diaconu, J. Drinkard, F. Etienne, D. Nicod, P. Payre, L. Roos, D. Rousseau, P. Schwemling, M. Talby, S. Adlung, R. Assmann, C. Bauer, W. Blum, D. Brown, P. Cattaneo, B. Dehning, H. Dietl, F. Dydak, M. Frank, A. Halley, K. Jakobs, J. Lauber, G. Lutjens, G. Lutz, W. Manner, R. Richter, J. Schroder, A. Schwarz, R. Settles, H. Seywerd, U. Stierlin, U. Stiegler, R. Stdenis, G. Wolf, R. Alemany, J. Boucrot, O. Callot, A. Cordier, M. Davier, L. Duflot, J. Grivaz, P. Heusse, P. Janot, D. Kim, F. Lediberder, J. Lefrancois, A. Lutz, G. Musolino, M. Schune, J. Veillet, I. Videau, D. Abbaneo, G. Bagliesi, G. Batignani, U. Bottigli, C. Bozzi, G. Calderini, M. Carpinelli, M. Ciocci, V. Ciulli, R. Dellorso, I. Ferrante, F. Fidecaro, L. Foa, F. Forti, A. Giassi, M. Giorgi, A. Gregorio, F. Ligabue, A. Lusiani, E. Mannelli, P. Marrocchesi, A. Messineo, F. Palla, G. Rizzo, G. Sanguinetti, P. Spagnolo, J. Steinberger, R. Tenchini, G. Tonelli, G. Triggiani, A. Valassi, C. Vannini, A. Venturi, P. Verdini, J. Walsh, A. Betteridge, Y. Gao, M. Green, D. Johnson, P. March, T. Medcalf, L. Mir, I. Quazi, J. Strong, V. Bertin, D. Botterill, R. Clifft, T. Edgecock, S. Haywood, M. Edwards, P. Norton, J. Thompson, B. Blochdevaux, P. Colas, H. Duarte, S. Emery, W. Kozanecki, E. Lancon, M. Lemaire, E. Locci, B. Marx, P. Perez, J. Rander, J. Renardy, A. Rosowsky, A. Roussarie, J. Schuller, J. Schwindling, D. Mohand, B. Vallage, R. Johnson, A. Litke, G. Taylor, J. Wear, W. Babbage, C. Booth, C. Buttar, S. Cartwright, F. Combley, I. Dawson, L. Thompson, E. Barberio, A. Bohrer, S. Brandt, G. Cowan, C. Grupen, G. Lutters, F. Rivera, U. Schafer, L. Smolik, L. Bosisio, R. Dellamarina, G. Giannini, B. Gobbo, L. Pitis, F. Ragusa, L. Bellantoni, W. Chen, J. Conway, Z. Feng, D. Ferguson, Y. Gao, J. Grahl, J. Harton, O. Hayes, J. Nachtman, Y. Pan, Y. Saadi, M. Schmitt, I. Scott, V. Sharma, Z. Shi, J. Turk, A. Walsh, F. Weber, S. Wu, X. Wu, M. Zheng, G. Zobernig. - In: PHYSICS LETTERS. SECTION B. - ISSN 0370-2693. - 322:4(1994), pp. 441-458.

An investigation of B0d and B0S oscillation

F. Ragusa;
1994

Abstract

B0B0BAR oscillation is studied using almost a million hadronic Z decays collected by the ALEPH experiment at LEP. Events are selected with two leptons present, on opposite sides of the event and with high transverse momentum. The leptons are expected to be dominantly from b decays; a topological vertexing technique is applied to measure the decay length of the b hadrons, and their momentum is determined using an energy-flow method. The fraction of events in which the leptons have the same charge is studied as a function of the measured decay time, and clear evidence is seen for the time-dependent nature of B(d)0B(d)0BAR mixing. The frequency measured for the oscillation corresponds to a mass difference for the B(d)0 mass eigenstates DELTAm(d) = (3.3(+0.5/-0.4) +/- 0.7) x 10(-4) eV/C2. Allowing a second frequency component for the B(s)0 a high value for DELTAm(s) is favoured, leading to the limit DELTAm(s) > 12 x 10(-4) eV/c2 (95% CL), from which (DELTAm/GAMMA)s > 2.0 is derived.
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
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