The effects of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a potent activator of protein kinase C, on Na+ influx were investigated in cultured human foreskin fibroblasts (HSWP cells). We report here that in serum-deprived HSWP cells the addition of PMA alone has no significant effect on Na+ influx. However, the addition of PMA to cells whose Na+/H+ exchanger is partially activated with a submaximal dose of the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 leads to a larger stimulation than seen with A23187 alone. These data suggest that although stimulation of protein kinase C is not a sufficient signal to activate the Na+/H+ exchanger in HSWP cells or in another human foreskin line (Jackson fibroblasts) studied, there are some cooperative effects of protein kinase C activation with a rise in Ca2+ to stimulate Na+/H+ exchange. In addition, we found that PMA actually inhibits the mitogen-induced stimulation of Na+ influx in HSWP and Jackson fibroblasts. This observation strengthens the argument that in these cells activation of protein kinase C is not sufficient to activate Na+/H+ exchange and suggests that there is a negative feedback control via protein kinase C that inhibits some signal that is necessary for activating Na+/H+ exchange. However, in contrast to observations in HSWP cells, we were able to activate the Na+/H+ exchanger in mouse 3T3 and human WI-38 cells with PMA alone, suggesting that there is some diversity in the mechanism for activation of Na+/H+ exchange in different types of fibroblasts.
|Titolo:||Activation of Na+/H+ exchange in cultured fibroblasts: synergism and antagonism between phorbol ester, Ca2+ ionophore, and growth factors|
VICENTINI, LUCIA (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1985|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.82.23.8053|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|