We have examined breathing patterns and respiratory mechanics in anesthetized tracheostomized newborn piglets and adult pigs and the changes determined by cervical bilateral vagotomy. Piglets had a respiratory system compliance and resistance, on a per kilogram basis, respectively, higher and smaller than the adults. After vagotomy neither variable changed in the newborn, but resistance dropped in the adult. This may suggest that efferent vagal control of bronchomotor tone is more pronounced in the adult. Respiratory system time constant was longer in newborns both before and after vagotomy. The distortion of the chest wall, examined as the ratio between the volume inhaled spontaneously and the passive volume for the same abdominal motion, was more marked in newborns, reflecting their higher chest wall compliance. The work per minute, computed from the pressure and volume changes, was larger in piglets. After vagotomy the external work per minute was not different; however, the larger tidal volumes were accompanied by a larger chest distortion. This may indicate that vagal control of the breathing pattern, by limiting the depth of inspiration and hence the amount of chest distortion, has implications on the energetics of breathing.

Effects of vagotomy on respiratory mechanics in newborn and adult pigs / M.G. Clement, J.P. Mortola, M. Albertini, G. Aguggini. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 8750-7587. - 60:6(1986), pp. 1992-1999.

Effects of vagotomy on respiratory mechanics in newborn and adult pigs

M.G. Clement
Primo
;
M. Albertini
Penultimo
;
1986

Abstract

We have examined breathing patterns and respiratory mechanics in anesthetized tracheostomized newborn piglets and adult pigs and the changes determined by cervical bilateral vagotomy. Piglets had a respiratory system compliance and resistance, on a per kilogram basis, respectively, higher and smaller than the adults. After vagotomy neither variable changed in the newborn, but resistance dropped in the adult. This may suggest that efferent vagal control of bronchomotor tone is more pronounced in the adult. Respiratory system time constant was longer in newborns both before and after vagotomy. The distortion of the chest wall, examined as the ratio between the volume inhaled spontaneously and the passive volume for the same abdominal motion, was more marked in newborns, reflecting their higher chest wall compliance. The work per minute, computed from the pressure and volume changes, was larger in piglets. After vagotomy the external work per minute was not different; however, the larger tidal volumes were accompanied by a larger chest distortion. This may indicate that vagal control of the breathing pattern, by limiting the depth of inspiration and hence the amount of chest distortion, has implications on the energetics of breathing.
Compliance ; resistance ; work of breathing ; chest wall distortion ; control of breathing ; neonatal respiration
Settore VET/02 - Fisiologia Veterinaria
http://jap.physiology.org/content/60/6/1992.full.pdf+html
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/176253
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