Efforts to improve proportions of caprine immature oocytes developing into viable uterine-stage embryos in vitro involved study of 1924 oocytes in experiments designed to examine influences of fertilization media, sperm incubation temperatures, sperm treatment procedures, different protein supplementations, and different insemination intervals. Oocyte-cumulus complexes (OCCs) were matured during 27 h in TCM-199 supplemented with 20% FBS, 100 μg LH ml-1, 0.5 μg FSH ml-1, and 1 μg Estradiol-17-β ml-1 at 38.5°C in a humidified 5% CO2, 5% O2, and 90% N2 atmosphere. Freshly collected sperm were washed and incubated at either 22°C or 38.5°C for 5 h and then treated with either 0.1 μM calcium ionophore A23187 for 1 min, or with 7.35 mM calcium lactate in the presence of oocytes during the insemination interval, or with 100 μg heparin +2 mM caffeine ml-1 for 15 min. The interval for insemination was experimentally varied, i.e. 14 or 24 h. Results showed that: (a) when used as a fertilization medium mDM supported more blastocyst development than TALP (10.5% vs. 0%, P < 0.05); (b) incubation temperatures of 22°C or 38.5°C prepared goat spermatozoa equally for capacitation in mDM containing 20% FBS; (c) when oocytes were inseminated with sperm incubated in mDM with 20% FBS and capacitated with calcium lactate more embryos reached the blastocyst stage (P < 0.05) than after incubation in the same conditions but after sperm capacitation with heparin, and A23 187 (31.8% vs. 24.2% and 10.2%, respectively; (d) a 24 h insemination interval was not superior to 14 h when sperm were incubated with either 20% FBS or 6 mg BSA ml-1 and capacitated with calcium lactate (P > 0.05). Three morulae resulting from the best conditions in this work (FBS, calcium lactate, 14 h insemination) were transferred into the uterine horn ipsilateral to the corpus luteum of a recipient and two normal female kids were born after normal gestation. This is the first report in which it has been possible to consistently take caprine development to the blastocyst stage in vitro, and to obtain offspring following uterine transfer. Methodology reported here should facilitate implementation of new reproductive and genetic strategies in goat breeding.

Procedural improvements for in vitro production of viable uterine stage caprine embryos / L. Keskintepe, G.C. Luvoni, S.J. Rzucidlo, B.G. Brackett. - In: SMALL RUMINANT RESEARCH. - ISSN 0921-4488. - 20:3(1996), pp. 247-254.

Procedural improvements for in vitro production of viable uterine stage caprine embryos

G.C. Luvoni
Secondo
;
1996

Abstract

Efforts to improve proportions of caprine immature oocytes developing into viable uterine-stage embryos in vitro involved study of 1924 oocytes in experiments designed to examine influences of fertilization media, sperm incubation temperatures, sperm treatment procedures, different protein supplementations, and different insemination intervals. Oocyte-cumulus complexes (OCCs) were matured during 27 h in TCM-199 supplemented with 20% FBS, 100 μg LH ml-1, 0.5 μg FSH ml-1, and 1 μg Estradiol-17-β ml-1 at 38.5°C in a humidified 5% CO2, 5% O2, and 90% N2 atmosphere. Freshly collected sperm were washed and incubated at either 22°C or 38.5°C for 5 h and then treated with either 0.1 μM calcium ionophore A23187 for 1 min, or with 7.35 mM calcium lactate in the presence of oocytes during the insemination interval, or with 100 μg heparin +2 mM caffeine ml-1 for 15 min. The interval for insemination was experimentally varied, i.e. 14 or 24 h. Results showed that: (a) when used as a fertilization medium mDM supported more blastocyst development than TALP (10.5% vs. 0%, P < 0.05); (b) incubation temperatures of 22°C or 38.5°C prepared goat spermatozoa equally for capacitation in mDM containing 20% FBS; (c) when oocytes were inseminated with sperm incubated in mDM with 20% FBS and capacitated with calcium lactate more embryos reached the blastocyst stage (P < 0.05) than after incubation in the same conditions but after sperm capacitation with heparin, and A23 187 (31.8% vs. 24.2% and 10.2%, respectively; (d) a 24 h insemination interval was not superior to 14 h when sperm were incubated with either 20% FBS or 6 mg BSA ml-1 and capacitated with calcium lactate (P > 0.05). Three morulae resulting from the best conditions in this work (FBS, calcium lactate, 14 h insemination) were transferred into the uterine horn ipsilateral to the corpus luteum of a recipient and two normal female kids were born after normal gestation. This is the first report in which it has been possible to consistently take caprine development to the blastocyst stage in vitro, and to obtain offspring following uterine transfer. Methodology reported here should facilitate implementation of new reproductive and genetic strategies in goat breeding.
Caprine ; capacitation ; IVF ; embryo transfer
Settore VET/10 - Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologia Veterinaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/176186
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