An anion-exchange column coupled with an amperometric sensor was used for the quantitative analysis of alditols and simple sugars. The sensing electrode is composed of cuprous oxide dispersed in a graphite powder–polyethylene composite matrix. The resulting Cu2O–carbon composite electrode is stable in alkaline media and possesses good sensitivity, wide linear dynamic ranges and low detection limits for alditols, mono- and disaccharides. Alditols and carbohydrates are weakly ionizable compounds, so an anion-exchange column was employed for their chromatographic separation with an alkaline eluent. The separation problems due to the presence of low but uncontrolled amounts of carbonate in the alkaline mobile phase have been largely solved by the addition of Ca2+ or Ba2+ at a millimolar level and the consequent formation of carbonate insoluble salts. Using this strategy, the alkaline eluent provides improved separations without compromising the column's lifetime, electrode performance and chromatographic system. Under the optimal operating conditions, the detection limits of d-sorbitol, d-mannitol and d-glucose were 50, 40 and 80 pmol, respectively, with a linear concentration range up to 5 mM. Examples of applications, which include the separation and detection of d-sorbitol, d-mannitol and common sugars present in food samples, are illustrated.

Anion-exchange chromatography with electrochemical detection of alditols and sugars at a Cu2O-carbon composite electrode / T.R.I. Cataldi, D. Centonze, I.G. Casella, E. Desimoni. - In: JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A. - ISSN 0021-9673. - 773:1-2(1997), pp. 115-121.

Anion-exchange chromatography with electrochemical detection of alditols and sugars at a Cu2O-carbon composite electrode

E. Desimoni
Ultimo
1997

Abstract

An anion-exchange column coupled with an amperometric sensor was used for the quantitative analysis of alditols and simple sugars. The sensing electrode is composed of cuprous oxide dispersed in a graphite powder–polyethylene composite matrix. The resulting Cu2O–carbon composite electrode is stable in alkaline media and possesses good sensitivity, wide linear dynamic ranges and low detection limits for alditols, mono- and disaccharides. Alditols and carbohydrates are weakly ionizable compounds, so an anion-exchange column was employed for their chromatographic separation with an alkaline eluent. The separation problems due to the presence of low but uncontrolled amounts of carbonate in the alkaline mobile phase have been largely solved by the addition of Ca2+ or Ba2+ at a millimolar level and the consequent formation of carbonate insoluble salts. Using this strategy, the alkaline eluent provides improved separations without compromising the column's lifetime, electrode performance and chromatographic system. Under the optimal operating conditions, the detection limits of d-sorbitol, d-mannitol and d-glucose were 50, 40 and 80 pmol, respectively, with a linear concentration range up to 5 mM. Examples of applications, which include the separation and detection of d-sorbitol, d-mannitol and common sugars present in food samples, are illustrated.
Alditols; Detection, LC; Electrochemical detection; Electrodes; Sugars
Settore CHIM/01 - Chimica Analitica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/176074
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