We have previously shown that LHRH agonists exert a direct and specific inhibitory action on the proliferation of the androgen-independent DU 145 prostate cancer cell line; however, the cellular mechanisms mediating this antiproliferative action are not well defined. It is well known that the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system plays a crucial role in the local regulation of the growth of androgen-independent prostate cancer. The present experiments were performed to evaluate whether LHRH agonists might exert their antimitogenic effect by interfering with the activity of the locally expressed IGF system. To this purpose, the effects of the LHRH agonist Zoladex (LHRH-A) on 1) the mitogenic action of IGF-I, 2) the tyrosine phosphorylation of type 1 IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR), 3) the concentration of IGF-IR, and 4) the secretion of IGF-binding protein-3 were studied. The results obtained show that in DU 145 cells, LHRH-A 1) counteracts the mitogenic action of IGF-I in a dose-dependent manner, 2) prevents the IGF-I-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of the IGF-IR, 3) reduces the concentration of IGF-IR without affecting its Kd value, and 4) does not affect the secretion of IGF-binding protein-3 in the conditioned medium from these cells. These data suggest that LHRH agonists may inhibit the proliferation of human androgen-independent prostate tumor cells by interfering with some of the cellular mechanisms mediating the stimulatory action of the IGF system.
Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists interfere with the mitogenic activity of the insulin-like growth factor system in androgen-independent prostate cancer cells / M. Montagnani Marelli, R.M. Moretti, D. Dondi, M. Motta, P. Limonta. - In: ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0013-7227. - 140:1(1999 Jan), pp. 329-334.
|Titolo:||Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists interfere with the mitogenic activity of the insulin-like growth factor system in androgen-independent prostate cancer cells|
MONTAGNANI MARELLI, MARINA (Primo)
MORETTI, ROBERTA MANUELA (Secondo)
MOTTA, MARCELLA (Penultimo)
LIMONTA, PATRIZIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Somatomedins ; Humans ; Goserelin ; Tyrosine ; Insulin-Like Growth Factor I ; Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 ; Blotting, Western ; Tumor Cells, Cultured ; Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone ; Insulin-Like Growth Factor II ; Prostatic Neoplasms ; Male ; Cell Division|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata|
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/en.140.1.329|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|