Entecavir (ETV) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) are potent nucleos(t)ide analogues (NUCs) recommended as first-line monotherapies for chronic hepatitis B. In Phase III trials, ETV and TDF demonstrated superior efficacy, and comparable safety compared with other NUCs. In long-term clinical studies, both drugs achieved virologic response rates of around 95%, with very low rates of resistance development and good safety profiles. Clinical trials are conducted under standardized conditions with strict enrolment criteria that limit the heterogeneity of study populations. 'Real-life' populations tend to be composed of a wider range of patients, often older and with different morbidities, comorbidities that may impact treatment efficacy and co-factors, such as smoking and alcohol intake, which can have a direct impact on disease progression. Real-life studies provide better representations of everyday clinical practice and are important to confirm the results reported in clinical studies and to identify rare or late-emerging adverse events. In five 'real-life' studies of ETV in more than 1000 patients, up to 4 years of treatment resulted in virologic responses in 76-96% of patients. Two real-life studies of TDF reported response rates of 71-92% after up to 21 months of treatment. Low incidences of drug resistance and favourable tolerabilities were reported for both drugs, thus confirming the results from registration trials

First-line treatment of chronic hepatitis B with entecavir or tenofovir in 'real-life' settings : from clinical trials to clinical practice / S. Pol, P. Lampertico. - In: JOURNAL OF VIRAL HEPATITIS. - ISSN 1352-0504. - 19:6(2012 Jun 19), pp. 377-386.

First-line treatment of chronic hepatitis B with entecavir or tenofovir in 'real-life' settings : from clinical trials to clinical practice

P. Lampertico
Ultimo
2012

Abstract

Entecavir (ETV) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) are potent nucleos(t)ide analogues (NUCs) recommended as first-line monotherapies for chronic hepatitis B. In Phase III trials, ETV and TDF demonstrated superior efficacy, and comparable safety compared with other NUCs. In long-term clinical studies, both drugs achieved virologic response rates of around 95%, with very low rates of resistance development and good safety profiles. Clinical trials are conducted under standardized conditions with strict enrolment criteria that limit the heterogeneity of study populations. 'Real-life' populations tend to be composed of a wider range of patients, often older and with different morbidities, comorbidities that may impact treatment efficacy and co-factors, such as smoking and alcohol intake, which can have a direct impact on disease progression. Real-life studies provide better representations of everyday clinical practice and are important to confirm the results reported in clinical studies and to identify rare or late-emerging adverse events. In five 'real-life' studies of ETV in more than 1000 patients, up to 4 years of treatment resulted in virologic responses in 76-96% of patients. Two real-life studies of TDF reported response rates of 71-92% after up to 21 months of treatment. Low incidences of drug resistance and favourable tolerabilities were reported for both drugs, thus confirming the results from registration trials
entecavir ; hepatitis B virus ; nucleoside/nucleotide ; analogues ; tenofovir
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
19-giu-2012
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/175606
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