A dynamical theory, regarding the superposition of small deformations upon large ones, is applied to the study of the prestress effects in an isotropic medium. The primary configuration is in a dynamic state and no assumption is made regarding the smallness of time derivatives of the displacement field. In this framework, a reciprocity theorem is derived and the representation theorem for the displacement field is obtained in terms of the Green's function. Body force equivalents are derived in terms of the discontinuity of the displacement across the fault surface. The ray theory is briefly reviewed and applied to the study of seismic-wave propagation in homogeneous isotropic media. The prestressed configuration in proximity of the fault surface is treated as a perturbation on seismic waves and its effects are found to be of first order in the perturbation at the origin. The wave front equation and the nodal-surface equation for compressional waves are derived and both are found to suffer significant changes due to the perturbation.

Some effects of elastic pre-stress within the Earth / M. Bonafede, E. Boschi, R. Sabadini. - In: NUOVO CIMENTO DELLA SOCIETÀ ITALIANA DI FISICA. C. - ISSN 0390-5551. - 1:2(1978), pp. 97-109. [10.1007/BF02524832]

Some effects of elastic pre-stress within the Earth

R. Sabadini
Ultimo
1978

Abstract

A dynamical theory, regarding the superposition of small deformations upon large ones, is applied to the study of the prestress effects in an isotropic medium. The primary configuration is in a dynamic state and no assumption is made regarding the smallness of time derivatives of the displacement field. In this framework, a reciprocity theorem is derived and the representation theorem for the displacement field is obtained in terms of the Green's function. Body force equivalents are derived in terms of the discontinuity of the displacement across the fault surface. The ray theory is briefly reviewed and applied to the study of seismic-wave propagation in homogeneous isotropic media. The prestressed configuration in proximity of the fault surface is treated as a perturbation on seismic waves and its effects are found to be of first order in the perturbation at the origin. The wave front equation and the nodal-surface equation for compressional waves are derived and both are found to suffer significant changes due to the perturbation.
Settore GEO/10 - Geofisica della Terra Solida
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/175378
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