A 3-D model of the aortic root was developed consisting of aortic valve, sinus of Valsalva and aortic duct. Through finite element modeling, the mechanical behavior of the valve was investigated simulating four different configurations: physiological (baseline), aneurysmatic and corrected with two different sparing techniques, named after David and Yacoub, respectively. These surgical procedures imply the replacement of the sinus of Valsalva with a synthetic graft, inside which the cusps are resuspended. The final goal of this study consisted in the assessment of the mechanical effects of sinuses aneurysm on the whole root, as well as the effectiveness of the two aforementioned techniques in restoring valve functionality and normal stress values on the root substructures. Based on the assumption of three-leaflet symmetry, only one third of the aortic root was modeled. Two cardiac cycles were simulated and the mechanical behavior of the aortic root was evaluated in terms of stress pattern, contact pressure and contact areas observed during leaflets coaptation and when contact between the leaflet and the graft occurs. Both the sparing techniques are able to restore coaptation of the aortic valve, but for the David procedure, contact between the leaflet and the graft wall was detected.
|Titolo:||Finite Element Simulations of the Physiological Aortic Root and Valve Sparing Corrections|
|Parole Chiave:||aortic root ; sparing operation ; finite element analysis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/23 - Chirurgia Cardiaca|
Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica e Informatica
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1142/S0219519406001790|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|