The studies on the inhibitory effect exerted by Cholera Toxin (CT) on cell growth and proliferation indicate a remarkable heterogeneity of cell response suggesting that the inhibition represents the final event of many different ways or mechanisms. After CT binding, cAMP accumulation may not occur (as in L1210 leukemia cells) or, when occurring (as in SR-4987 stromal cells), may not be coupled with the antiproliferative effect of CT. In WEHI-3B cells CT binds a Gal-GalNac-GM1b receptor and the anticlonogenic effect of CT seems correlated with cAMP accumulation. To demonstrate the central role of cAMP in WEHI-3B cells, starting from the sensitive cell strain we selected and established a clone of WEHI-3B resistant to CT. This revertant clone (WEHI-3B/CT/REV) is currently cultured in the absence of CT and in the proliferation assay shows a dramatic resistance (>46,000 than the parental cells). Stimulation ofWEHI-3B/CT/REV cells by cholera toxin failed to enhance cAMP and the ganglioside-CT binding studied on Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) blots showed that the resistant cells lost the spot correspondent to the migration of Gal-GalNac-GM1b ganglioside. Both the lines respond at the same level to the adenylate cyclase stimulation by forskolin and the incorporation of GM1a did not decrease the resistance of WEHl-3B/CT/REV. These data confirm that Gal-GalNac-GM1b is the most important functional receptor for CT in WEHI-3B cells able to transduce the signal by enhancing cAMP which in turn inhibits cell proliferation (probably by cAMP dependent protein kinase activation). Our study describes the first cell line resistant to CT originated from a susceptible parental strain and provides a new interesting cell model for studying the cAMP dependent mechanisms involved in cell growth regulation.

Selection of a WEHI-3B leukemia cell subclone resistant to inhibition by cholera toxin / A. Pessina, A. Giuliani, C. Croera, P. Foti, L. Mascolo, G. Gagliardi, M.G. Neri. - In: MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0300-8177. - 233:1-2(2002), pp. 19-26.

Selection of a WEHI-3B leukemia cell subclone resistant to inhibition by cholera toxin

A. Pessina
Primo
;
A. Giuliani
Secondo
;
2002

Abstract

The studies on the inhibitory effect exerted by Cholera Toxin (CT) on cell growth and proliferation indicate a remarkable heterogeneity of cell response suggesting that the inhibition represents the final event of many different ways or mechanisms. After CT binding, cAMP accumulation may not occur (as in L1210 leukemia cells) or, when occurring (as in SR-4987 stromal cells), may not be coupled with the antiproliferative effect of CT. In WEHI-3B cells CT binds a Gal-GalNac-GM1b receptor and the anticlonogenic effect of CT seems correlated with cAMP accumulation. To demonstrate the central role of cAMP in WEHI-3B cells, starting from the sensitive cell strain we selected and established a clone of WEHI-3B resistant to CT. This revertant clone (WEHI-3B/CT/REV) is currently cultured in the absence of CT and in the proliferation assay shows a dramatic resistance (>46,000 than the parental cells). Stimulation ofWEHI-3B/CT/REV cells by cholera toxin failed to enhance cAMP and the ganglioside-CT binding studied on Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) blots showed that the resistant cells lost the spot correspondent to the migration of Gal-GalNac-GM1b ganglioside. Both the lines respond at the same level to the adenylate cyclase stimulation by forskolin and the incorporation of GM1a did not decrease the resistance of WEHl-3B/CT/REV. These data confirm that Gal-GalNac-GM1b is the most important functional receptor for CT in WEHI-3B cells able to transduce the signal by enhancing cAMP which in turn inhibits cell proliferation (probably by cAMP dependent protein kinase activation). Our study describes the first cell line resistant to CT originated from a susceptible parental strain and provides a new interesting cell model for studying the cAMP dependent mechanisms involved in cell growth regulation.
leukemia cells, cholera toxin, gangliosides
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/17007
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