microRNAs inhibit HIV-1 expression by either modulating host innate immunity or by directly interfering with viral mRNAs. We evaluated the expression of 377 miRNAs in CD4+ T cells from HIV-1 élite LTNP (éLTNP), naive and multiply exposed uninfected individuals (MEU) and we observed that the éLTNP patients clustered with naive, whereas all MEU subjects grouped together. The discriminatory power of miRNAs showed that 21 miRNAs significantly differentiated éLTNP from MEU and 23 miRNAs distinguished naive from MEU, while only 1 (miR-155) discriminated éLTNP from naive. We proposed that miRNA expression may discriminate between HIV-1 infected and exposed but negative individuals. Analysis of miRNAs expression after exposure of healthy CD4+T cells to gp120 in vitro confirmed our hypothesis that a miRNA profile could be the result not only of a productive infection, but also of the exposure to HIV-1 products that leave a signature in immune cells. The comparison of normalized Dicer and Drosha expression in ex vivo and in vitro condition revealed that these enzymes did not affect the change of miRNA profiles, supporting the existence of a Dicer-independent biogenesis pathway.
Stable changes in CD4+ T-lymphocyte microRNA expression following exposure to HIV-1 / F. Bignami, E. Pilotti, L. Bertoncelli, P. Ronzi, M. Gulli, N. Marmiroli, G. Magnani, M. Pinti, L. Lopalco, C. Mussini, R. Ruotolo, M. Galli, A. Cossarizza, C. Casoli. - In: BLOOD. - ISSN 0006-4971. - 119:26(2012 Jun 28), pp. 6259-6267.
|Titolo:||Stable changes in CD4+ T-lymphocyte microRNA expression following exposure to HIV-1|
BIGNAMI, FABIO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||CELLULAR MICRORNA; CLUSTER-ANALYSIS; FAMILY-MEMBERS; 3G APOBEC3G; INFECTION; CELLS; INDIVIDUALS; REPLICATION; INHIBITION; MECHANISM|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare|
Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive
|Data di pubblicazione:||28-giu-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2011-09-379503|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|