Background: In silico analyses based on sequence similarities with animal channels have identified a large number of plant genes likely to encode ion channels. The attempts made to characterise such putative plant channels at the functional level have most often relied on electrophysiological analyses in classical expression systems, such as Xenopus oocytes or mammalian cells. In a number of cases, these expression systems have failed so far to provide functional data and one can speculate that using a plant expression system instead of an animal one might provide a more efficient way towards functional characterisation of plant channels, and a more realistic context to investigate regulation of plant channels. Results: With the aim of developing a plant expression system readily amenable to electrophysiological analyses, we optimised experimental conditions for preparation and transformation of tobacco mesophyll protoplasts and engineered expression plasmids, that were designed to allow subcellular localisation and functional characterisation of ion channels eventually in presence of their putative (possibly over-expressed) regulatory partners. Two inward K+ channels from the Shaker family were functionally expressed in this system: not only the compliant KAT1 but also the recalcitrant AKT1 channel, which remains electrically silent when expressed in Xenopus oocytes or in mammalian cells. Conclusion: The level of endogenous currents in control protoplasts seems compatible with the use of the described experimental procedures for the characterisation of plant ion channels, by studying for instance their subcellular localisation, functional properties, structure-function relationships, interacting partners and regulation, very likely in a more realistic context than the classically used animal systems
A procedure for localisation and electrophysiological characterisation of ion channels heterologously expressed in a plant context / E. Hosy, G. Duby, A.A. Véry, A. Costa, H. Sentenac, J.B. Thibaud. - In: PLANT METHODS. - ISSN 1746-4811. - 1:1(2005 Dec), pp. 14.14-14.14.
|Titolo:||A procedure for localisation and electrophysiological characterisation of ion channels heterologously expressed in a plant context|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/04 - Fisiologia Vegetale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1746-4811-1-14|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|