In the pig, the efficiency of in vitro embryo production procedures is still limited. It has been suggested that prematuration treatments could improve the developmental capability of oocytes. In particular, recent studies conducted in the bovine (Luciano, 2011, BOR, in press) indicate that the prolongation of a patent bidirectional crosstalk between the oocyte and the surrounding cumulus cells, together with the maintenance of a proper level of cAMP during the prematuration culture, could be beneficial to oocytes that have not yet acquired full meiotic and developmental capability. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of treatment with cilostamide, an inhibitor of the phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3), which degrades cAMP, on the functional status of gap junction-mediated communication (GJC) in pig cumulus–oocyte complexes (COC). Moreover, since chromatin configuration represents a marker of oocyte differentiation and competence, the effect of cilostamide on the process of chromatin remodeling was also evaluated during the culture period. To this aim, COC were collected from 3- to 6-mm antral follicles and cultured for up to 24 h in defined culture medium supplemented with 0.1 IU mL–1 of FSH in the presence or absence of 1 μM cilostamide. The GJC functionality was assessed by Lucifer Yellow fluorescent dye microinjection at the time of collection (0 h) and after 12, 18, or 24 h of culture. Chromatin configuration was evaluated by fluorescence microscopy after removal of cumulus cells and DNA staining with Hoechst and oocytes were classified according to Bui et al. (2004 BOR 70, 1843–1851) as SC, (with stringy chromatin within the germinal vesicle), GVI (with chromatin condensed in a rim around the nucleolus), GVII-IV (where the beginning of formation of chromatin strands is typical), ProMI (prometaphase I) and MI (metaphase I). The administration of cilostamide sustained functional coupling for up to 24 h of culture as the percentage of COC with open GJC was significantly higher when compared with the control group (62.2% vs 30%; P < 0.05) and not significantly different from the time 0 h (80%). The maintenance of the coupling during the culture period was accompanied by a delay of the meiotic resumption as only 26.3% of cilostamide-treated oocytes underwent germinal-vesicle breakdown and reached ProMI stage compared to the control group (62.1%; P < 0.05). Moreover the transition towards advanced stages of differentiation, as judged by the chromatin configuration, was slowed down in the presence of cilostamide. In conclusion, our study indicates that the maintenance of elevated cAMP levels through the inhibition of PDE3 sustains a functional bidirectional communication between the oocyte and cumulus cells and delays meiotic resumption in the pig oocyte. This could be a useful approach for the development of prematuration treatments aimed at improving the embryonic developmental potential of pig oocytes. Experiments are in progress in our laboratories to confirm this hypothesis.
Cilostamide sustains gap junction-mediated communication and chromatin remodelling in pig oocytes / C. Dieci, F. Franciosi, V. Lodde, I. Lagutina, I. Tessaro, S.C. Modina, G. Lazzari, A.M. Luciano, C. Galli. - In: REPRODUCTION FERTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 1031-3613. - 24:1(2012), pp. 211-211. ((Intervento presentato al 38. convegno Annual conference of the International embryo transfer society (IETS) tenutosi a Phoenix, AR (USA) nel 2012.
|Titolo:||Cilostamide sustains gap junction-mediated communication and chromatin remodelling in pig oocytes|
LUCIANO, ALBERTO MARIA (Penultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||International embryo transfer society|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/RDv24n1Ab198|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|