In the present paper, we apply the dynamic laser light scattering technique to investigate the dependence of the characteristic times of thermally induced shape fluctuation of large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) on bilayer composition. After addressing single-component LUVs made of two common phospholipids, dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), we investigate the changes in vesicle shape fluctuation times due to the presence of cholesterol and gangliosides (GM1), added in small amounts. The experimental results show that the addition of a second component, even in small amount, to DMPC vesicles induces a change in membrane fluctuation times. Moreover, in the case of ganglioside addition, also the disposition of GM1 within the bilayer is of importance. Quite unexpectedly, the symmetric or asymmetric disposition of GM1 has opposite effects on bilayer dynamics, the first resulting in a "hardening" and the second in a "softening" of the membrane. Those results support that the small-scale structure of the bilayer is important in determining the overall dynamics of the vesicle. They also suggest that the physiological disposition of GM1 in the outer leaflet of real cells has a significative result in mechanical terms, positively affecting the dynamics of the membrane.

Shape Fluctuations of Large Unilamellar Vesicles Observed by Laser Light Scattering : Influence of the Small-Scale Structure / P. Brocca, L. Cantù, M. Corti, E. Del Favero, S. Motta. - In: LANGMUIR. - ISSN 0743-7463. - 20:6(2004), pp. 2141-2148.

Shape Fluctuations of Large Unilamellar Vesicles Observed by Laser Light Scattering : Influence of the Small-Scale Structure

P. Brocca;L. Cantù;M. Corti;E. Del Favero;S. Motta
2004

Abstract

In the present paper, we apply the dynamic laser light scattering technique to investigate the dependence of the characteristic times of thermally induced shape fluctuation of large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) on bilayer composition. After addressing single-component LUVs made of two common phospholipids, dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), we investigate the changes in vesicle shape fluctuation times due to the presence of cholesterol and gangliosides (GM1), added in small amounts. The experimental results show that the addition of a second component, even in small amount, to DMPC vesicles induces a change in membrane fluctuation times. Moreover, in the case of ganglioside addition, also the disposition of GM1 within the bilayer is of importance. Quite unexpectedly, the symmetric or asymmetric disposition of GM1 has opposite effects on bilayer dynamics, the first resulting in a "hardening" and the second in a "softening" of the membrane. Those results support that the small-scale structure of the bilayer is important in determining the overall dynamics of the vesicle. They also suggest that the physiological disposition of GM1 in the outer leaflet of real cells has a significative result in mechanical terms, positively affecting the dynamics of the membrane.
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
LANGMUIR
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/16898
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 31
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 30
social impact