BACKGROUND: Transmitted drug resistance (TDR) is mainly restricted to individuals carrying B subtype, with low prevalence among non-B subtypes when grouped together. Subtype F1 is the most frequent non-B variant found in subjects living in Italy, allowing a specific assessment of TDR associated with this clade. METHODS: We analysed pol sequences of HIV-1-positive individuals carrying the F1 variant included in the Antiretroviral Resistance Cohort Analysis database in the 1998-2009 period. Mutations were analysed with the Surveillance Drug Resistance Mutation and the International AIDS Society lists for naive and treated patients, respectively. RESULTS: Among 343 HIV-1-infected patients carrying an F1 subtype, resistance was evaluated in a subset of 221 patients whose treatment status was known (169 drug naive and 52 drug experienced). The prevalence of TDR was 15.4% (11.8% for nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors, 6.5% for non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and 7.1% for protease inhibitors). Among the 169 naive patients, 75.1%, 10.1% and 7.1% were Italians, South Americans and Romanians, respectively. Heterosexuals were prevalent among Italians and Romanians, while men who have sex with men were predominant among South Americans. The overall frequency of TDR declined from 21.4% to 7.1% in the 1998-2009 period. Although no statistical difference was detected, the frequency of TDR was higher in South Americans (23.5%) compared with Italian and Romanian naive patients (15% and 8.3%, respectively). DISCUSSION: Our study shows a remarkable frequency of TDR in the F1 subtype-infected population. The high prevalence of TDR detected in South American subjects is linked to the homosexual route of infection. However, TDR was considerably high also in Italian subjects harbouring the F1 subtype, deserving careful monitoring.

High burden of transmitted HIV-1 drug resistance in Italian patients carrying F1 subtype / M. Franzetti, A. Lai, F.R. Simonetti, G. Bozzi, A. De Luca, V. Micheli, P. Meraviglia, P. Corsi, P. Bagnarelli, P. Almi, A. Zoncada, C. Balotta. - In: JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY. - ISSN 0305-7453. - 67:5(2012 May), pp. 1250-1253. [10.1093/jac/dks013]

High burden of transmitted HIV-1 drug resistance in Italian patients carrying F1 subtype

M. Franzetti;A. Lai;F.R. Simonetti;BOZZI, GIORGIO;C. Balotta
2012-05

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Transmitted drug resistance (TDR) is mainly restricted to individuals carrying B subtype, with low prevalence among non-B subtypes when grouped together. Subtype F1 is the most frequent non-B variant found in subjects living in Italy, allowing a specific assessment of TDR associated with this clade. METHODS: We analysed pol sequences of HIV-1-positive individuals carrying the F1 variant included in the Antiretroviral Resistance Cohort Analysis database in the 1998-2009 period. Mutations were analysed with the Surveillance Drug Resistance Mutation and the International AIDS Society lists for naive and treated patients, respectively. RESULTS: Among 343 HIV-1-infected patients carrying an F1 subtype, resistance was evaluated in a subset of 221 patients whose treatment status was known (169 drug naive and 52 drug experienced). The prevalence of TDR was 15.4% (11.8% for nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors, 6.5% for non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and 7.1% for protease inhibitors). Among the 169 naive patients, 75.1%, 10.1% and 7.1% were Italians, South Americans and Romanians, respectively. Heterosexuals were prevalent among Italians and Romanians, while men who have sex with men were predominant among South Americans. The overall frequency of TDR declined from 21.4% to 7.1% in the 1998-2009 period. Although no statistical difference was detected, the frequency of TDR was higher in South Americans (23.5%) compared with Italian and Romanian naive patients (15% and 8.3%, respectively). DISCUSSION: Our study shows a remarkable frequency of TDR in the F1 subtype-infected population. The high prevalence of TDR detected in South American subjects is linked to the homosexual route of infection. However, TDR was considerably high also in Italian subjects harbouring the F1 subtype, deserving careful monitoring.
HIV-1 subtypes; antiretroviral therapy; resistance epidemiology
Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive
Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata
Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/168969
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