Introduction: The elucidation of the viral gene expression profile provides useful information in assessing the function of specific viral genes in the process of infection and cellular transformation. HTLV-2 pattern of mRNAs expression produces three major classes of mRNAs: unspliced genomic mRNA for Gag, protease and Pol proteins; singly spliced mRNAs encoding Env and the accessory proteins p28, p22/p20-1 and -2; and a doubly spliced mRNA for the regulatory proteins Tax, Rex and for the p10/p11 and p? accessory ones (Ref.1 and Fig. 1). To date, very little information has been obtained on the temporal regulation of different HTLV-2 transcripts expression in infected cells. Aim of this study was to investigate the kinetics of gene expression from HTLV-2 infected cell lines and from PBMCs of HTLV-2B infected subjects. The expression profile and kinetics of the different transcripts were analysed by real time RT-PCR using splice-junction-specific primers. Results: This approach was used to first determine the steady-state levels of expression for the different viral transcripts in three different cell lines in log phase of growth . Experiments performed indicated that gag/pol is the most abundant transcript. The expression level of env was comparable in the two T-cell lines, Mo-T and C344, infected by the 2A subtype, and was considerably higher than in the B-cells infected with HTLV-2B subtype, where p10/p11 and p? transcripts were below the limit of detection. We next investigated the kinetics of viral transcripts expression in infected BJAB-Gu cells. As in the previous experiment, the absolute copy number of gag/pol was the highest over the time period analysed . Among the accessory transcripts, p28,p22/p20-2 was the most abundant while other regulatory and accessory genes were lower. The analysis of fold variation, reported in g. 4B, indicated that tax/rex and p28, p22/p20-1 showed a biphasic profile with an early peak at 24 hours and a second one at 72 hours, whereas the transcripts gag/pol, env and p28,p22/p20-2 were expressed later.The kinetics of gene expression also was analysed from ex-vivo PBMCs of HTLV-2B infected subjects. Fig. 5 shows a typical pattern of expression. Also in this case, among the mRNAs species, gag/pol was consistently the most abundant transcript, p28, p22/p20-2 was approximately 15 fold lower than gag/pol, followed by tax/rex and p? that were present at approximately 25 fold lower than the unspliced mRNA coding for gag/pol . Very low levels of expression were found for p28, p22/p20-1, while env and p10/p11 transcripts were below the limit of detection. In Fig. 5B the fold variation analysis showed that the first mRNAs expressed were tax/rex and p28,p22/p20-1 with a peak at 4 hours followed by all the other transcripts that showed a later peak at 24 hours.These results indicate that tax/rex is the earliest transcript expressed, while the other genes, coding for accessory and structural proteins, are expressed in a later phase of the viral cycle. Conclusions: The expression of different HTLV-2 genes follows a distinct timing both in infected cell lines and PBMCs isolated from infected patients. The transcript tax/rex is the first to be expressed, thus indicating that it is necessary at the beginning of the infection cycle to transactivate and regulate viral and cellular transcripts. These results also suggest that the control of viral gene expression is highly regulated both in its kinetics and expression level.
Kinetic analysis of Human T-cell Leukemia Virus type 2 expression in chronically-infected cells and patient PBMCs / C. Bender, P. Righi, F. Rende, P. Ronzi, C. Casoli, V. Criminale, U. Bertazzoni. ((Intervento presentato al 14. convegno International Conference on Human Retrovitology : HTLV and related retroviruses tenutosi a Salvador, Brazil nel 2009.
|Titolo:||Kinetic analysis of Human T-cell Leukemia Virus type 2 expression in chronically-infected cells and patient PBMCs|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare|
|Citazione:||Kinetic analysis of Human T-cell Leukemia Virus type 2 expression in chronically-infected cells and patient PBMCs / C. Bender, P. Righi, F. Rende, P. Ronzi, C. Casoli, V. Criminale, U. Bertazzoni. ((Intervento presentato al 14. convegno International Conference on Human Retrovitology : HTLV and related retroviruses tenutosi a Salvador, Brazil nel 2009.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|