Background & aims: Impaired growth and nutritional status in CF may be related to progressive insulin deficiency before CF-Related Diabetes has established. Aim of this study was to analyse the association of circulating insulin with nutritional status and lung function in CF patients with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). Methods: We performed OGTT in 152 consecutive CF patients aged 8-20 years: 115 of them had NGT and were included in the study. Areas under the curves (AUC) of glucose, insulin and c-peptide after 120 min were calculated. Quartiles (Q) of increasing fasting insulin (fINS-Q) and c-peptide (fCP-Q) levels were calculated in CF patients. Respiratory function parameters (FEV1, FVC), Standard Deviation Scores (SDS) of height, weight and BMI were compared between Q1 and the three higher Q. Multiple regression analysis was used to analyse the association of fasting insulin, c-peptide or OGTT derived indices with nutritional or respiratory parameters. Results: Compared to patients in fINS-Q4 or fCP-Q4, those in fINS-Q1 or in fCP-Q1 respectively showed lower levels of insulin AUC or c-peptide AUC (both P < 0.0001), weight-SDS (P = 0.013, P = 0.007), BMI-SDS (P = 0.010, P = 0.002), FEV1 (P = 0.076, P = 0.013) and FVC (P = 0.101, P = 0.009). Age- and gender-adjusted regression analysis showed significant associations of fINS and fCP with SDS of BMI (P = 0.023 and P = 0.001 respectively), fCP was significant associated with FEV1 (P = 0.01). AUC insulin/AUC glucose ratio (P < 0.0001) and AUC c-peptide/AUC glucose ratio (P = 0.0001) were significantly associated with FEV1. Conclusions: Insulin deficiency in CF patients with NGT has a significant impact on clinical outcomes.
Insulin secretion, nutritional status and respiratory function in cystic fibrosis patients with normal glucose tolerance / G. Alicandro, P.M. Battezzati, A. Battezzati, C. Speziali, L. Claut, V. Motta, S. Loi, C. Colombo. - In: CLINICAL NUTRITION. - ISSN 0261-5614. - 31:1(2012 Feb), pp. 118-123.
|Titolo:||Insulin secretion, nutritional status and respiratory function in cystic fibrosis patients with normal glucose tolerance|
BATTEZZATI, PIER MARIA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Insulin; Growth; Nutritional status; Respiratory function; Cystic fibrosis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2011.09.007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|