The aim of this investigation was to compare the prevalence of indicators of poor welfare among 5 Italian cattle breeds (Italian Holstein-Friesian, Italian Bruna, Pezzata Rossa Italiana, Grigia Alpina, and Pezzata Rossa d'Oropa) kept in tie-stalls in the Italian Alps under similar housing and management conditions. We recorded the presence of integument alterations (hairless patch areas, lesion/swollen areas, or overgrown claws) and lameness in 612 cows. Additionally, we checked 834 cows for the presence of physical malformations (" open" shoulders). In general, the prevalence of welfare problems showed a decreasing trend from the more productive to the less productive breeds. Local breeds (Grigia Alpina and Pezzata Rossa d'Oropa) showed a significantly lower prevalence of welfare problems compared with the other 3 breeds, whereas Italian Holstein-Friesian usually had the highest percentage of individuals with problems. No differences were found between Pezzata Rossa Italiana and Italian Bruna, both of which showed fewer problems than Italian Holstein-Friesian. The effect of the breed significantly affected the welfare of dairy cows in tie-stalls in alpine traditional husbandry systems. The prevalence of the negative welfare indicators studied was lower in local breeds, which are better adapted to local breeding conditions. Our results indicate an urgent need to promote changes in the criteria used for genetic selection in the dairy industry and underline the importance of maintaining the diversity of local breeds, which should be carefully chosen for each specific environmental condition.
Breed differences in dairy cattle welfare in traditional alpine tie-stall husbandry systems / S. Mattiello, M. Battini, E. Andreoli, S. Barbieri. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 94:5(2011 May), pp. 2403-2407.
|Titolo:||Breed differences in dairy cattle welfare in traditional alpine tie-stall husbandry systems|
MATTIELLO, SILVANA (Primo)
BATTINI, MONICA (Secondo)
ANDREOLI, ELENA (Penultimo)
BARBIERI, SARA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||dairy cattle breed ; tie-stall ; alpine husbandry system ; animal welfare ; farm-animals ; Italian Alps ; cows ; selection ; lameness ; health ; barns|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/19 - Zootecnica Speciale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2010-3606|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|