In seed plant ovules, the diploid maternal sporophytic generation embeds and sustains the haploid generation (the female gametophyte); thus, two independent generations coexist in a single organ. Many independent studies on Arabidopsis ovule mutants suggest that embryo sac development requires highly synchronized morphogenesis of the maternal sporophyte surrounding the gametophyte, since megagametogenesis is severely perturbed in most of the known sporophytic ovule development mutants. Which are the messenger molecules involved in the haploid-diploid dialogue? And furthermore, is this one way communication or is a feedback cross talk? In this review, we discuss genetic and molecular evidences supporting the presence of a cross talk between the two generations, starting from the first studies regarding ovule development and ending to the recently sporophytic identified genes whose expression is strictly controlled by the haploid gametophytic generation. We will mainly focus on Arabidopsis studies since it is the species more widely studied for this aspect. Furthermore, possible candidate molecules involved in the diploid-haploid generations dialogue will be presented and discussed.

Cross talk between the sporophyte and the megagametophyte during ovule development / S. Bencivenga, L. Colombo, S. Masiero. - In: SEXUAL PLANT REPRODUCTION. - ISSN 0934-0882. - 24:2(2011), pp. 113-121.

Cross talk between the sporophyte and the megagametophyte during ovule development

S. Bencivenga
Primo
;
L. Colombo
Secondo
;
S. Masiero
Ultimo
2011

Abstract

In seed plant ovules, the diploid maternal sporophytic generation embeds and sustains the haploid generation (the female gametophyte); thus, two independent generations coexist in a single organ. Many independent studies on Arabidopsis ovule mutants suggest that embryo sac development requires highly synchronized morphogenesis of the maternal sporophyte surrounding the gametophyte, since megagametogenesis is severely perturbed in most of the known sporophytic ovule development mutants. Which are the messenger molecules involved in the haploid-diploid dialogue? And furthermore, is this one way communication or is a feedback cross talk? In this review, we discuss genetic and molecular evidences supporting the presence of a cross talk between the two generations, starting from the first studies regarding ovule development and ending to the recently sporophytic identified genes whose expression is strictly controlled by the haploid gametophytic generation. We will mainly focus on Arabidopsis studies since it is the species more widely studied for this aspect. Furthermore, possible candidate molecules involved in the diploid-haploid generations dialogue will be presented and discussed.
Female gametophyte ; Ovule ; Cross talk
Settore BIO/01 - Botanica Generale
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/165994
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