A method has been developed, based on thermoluminescent dosemeters (TLD), aimed at measuring the absorbed dose in tissue-equivalent phantoms exposed to thermal or epithermal neutrons, separating the contributions of various secondary radiation generated by neutrons. The proposed method takes advantage of the very low sensitivity of CaF2:Tm (TLD-300) to low energy neutrons and to the different responses to thermal neutrons of LiF:Mg,Ti dosemeters with different 6Li percentage (TLD-100, TLD-700, TLD-600). The comparison of the results with those obtained by means of gel dosemeters and activation foils has confirmed the reliability of the method. The experimental modalities allowing reliable results have been studied. The glow curves of TLD-300 after gamma or neutron irradiation have been compared; moreover, both internal irradiation effect and energy dependence have been investigated. For TLD-600, TLD-100 and TLD-700, the suitable fluence limits have been determined in order to avoid radiation damage and loss of linearity.

Study of a method based on TLD detectors for in-phantom dosimetry in BNCT / G. Gambarini, V. Klamert, S. Agosteo, C. Birattari, S. Gay, G. Rosi, and L. Scolari. - In: RADIATION PROTECTION DOSIMETRY. - ISSN 0144-8420. - 110:1-4(2004), pp. 631-636.

Study of a method based on TLD detectors for in-phantom dosimetry in BNCT

G. Gambarini
Primo
;
C. Birattari;S. Gay;
2004

Abstract

A method has been developed, based on thermoluminescent dosemeters (TLD), aimed at measuring the absorbed dose in tissue-equivalent phantoms exposed to thermal or epithermal neutrons, separating the contributions of various secondary radiation generated by neutrons. The proposed method takes advantage of the very low sensitivity of CaF2:Tm (TLD-300) to low energy neutrons and to the different responses to thermal neutrons of LiF:Mg,Ti dosemeters with different 6Li percentage (TLD-100, TLD-700, TLD-600). The comparison of the results with those obtained by means of gel dosemeters and activation foils has confirmed the reliability of the method. The experimental modalities allowing reliable results have been studied. The glow curves of TLD-300 after gamma or neutron irradiation have been compared; moreover, both internal irradiation effect and energy dependence have been investigated. For TLD-600, TLD-100 and TLD-700, the suitable fluence limits have been determined in order to avoid radiation damage and loss of linearity.
biological effects of gamma-rays; biological effects of neutrons; dosimetry; neutron capture therapy; phantoms; thermoluminescent dosimeters
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
2004
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/16599
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