The hydrochlorination of 4,4′-methylenedianiline, NH 2C6H4CH2C6H 4NH2 (MDA), in chlorobenzene to produce 4,4′-methylenedianiline dihydrochloride, [H3NC 6H4CH2C6H4NH 3]Cl2 (MDA·2HCl) is an important reaction for the production of isocyanates, which are used to manufacture polyurethanes. This reaction is examined here. MDA is moderately soluble in chlorobenzene, whereas MDA·2HCl is effectively insoluble. Controlled addition of anhydrous HCl to MDA in chlorobenzene led to the isolation of a solid whose stoichiometry is MDA·HCl. Crystals obtained from solutions of MDA·HCl in methanol were found by X-ray analysis to consist of the basic hydrochloride salt, [MDAH2][Cl]2[MDA]2H2O, which is stabilised by complex hydrogen-bonding. The starting material MDA has an H-bonded structure in which the molecules are linked in a one-dimensional chain. Hydrogen-bonding is extensive in MDA·2HCl which contains ladders of [H3NC6H4CH2C6H 4NH3]2+ dications stabilised by N-H⋯Cl linkages. Energy calculations on the crystalline systems allow an identification of the main factors in intermolecular cohesion; these are related to melting temperature and solubility data. Such improvements in understanding of solute-solute interactions are prerequisites for improving the atom economy of this important stage within the polyurethane manufacture process chain. The solid phase IR spectrum of MDA·2HCl is diagnostic, principally as a result of a Fermi resonance process.
A structural and spectroscopic investigation of the hydrochlorination of 4,4′-methylenedianiline / E. K. Gibson, J. M. Winfield, K. W. Muir, R. H. Carr, A. Eaglesham, A. Gavezzotti, D. Lennon. - In: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 1463-9076. - 12:15(2010), pp. 3824-3833.
|Titolo:||A structural and spectroscopic investigation of the hydrochlorination of 4,4′-methylenedianiline|
GAVEZZOTTI, ANGELO (Penultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b916368a|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|