A typical feature of spontaneous collapse models which aim at localizing wavefunctions in space is the violation of the principle of energy conservation. In the models proposed in the literature, the stochastic field which is responsible for the localization mechanism causes the momentum to behave like a Brownian motion, whose larger and larger fluctuations show up as a steady increase of the energy of the system. In spite of the fact that, in all situations, such an increase is small and practically undetectable, it is an undesirable feature that the energy of physical systems is not conserved but increases constantly in time, diverging for t going to infinity. In this paper, we show that this property of collapse models can be modified:. we propose a model of spontaneous wavefunction collapse sharing all most important features of usual models but such that the energy of isolated systems reaches an asymptotic finite value instead of increasing with a steady rate.
|Titolo:||On the energy increase in space-collapse models|
|Autori interni:||VACCHINI, BASSANO MARIA (Ultimo)|
|Parole Chiave:||Brownian motion; quantum theory; Schrodinger equation; stochastic processes; wave functions|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/02 - Fisica Teorica, Modelli e Metodi Matematici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/0305-4470/38/37/007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|