Background: It has been shown that the pineal gland plays a fundamental role in mediating either the spiritual perception or the anticancer immunity by stimulating the endogenous production of anticancer cytokine interleukin (IL)-2.Objective: The present study was performed to evaluate the impact of a spiritual approach consisting of Kriya Yoga program alone or in association with melatonin (MLT) or low-dose IL-2 plus MLT on the survival time in a group of metastatic cancer patients with life expectancy less than 1 year. Materials and Methods: A case-control study was carried out in 240 patients (M/F: 146/94; median age: 62 years, range: 34-71, suffering from non-small-cell lung cancer or gastrointestinal tumors) who were subdivided into 6 groups of 40 patients, treated with supportive care alone as a control group, supportive care plus Yoga, MLT alone, MLT plus Yoga, inteleukin-2 plus MLT, or IL-2 plus MLT plus Yoga. Results: The best results in terms of increased survival time were obtained by the association between neuroimmunotherapy with MLT plus IL-2 and Yoga program (2 years), which was significantly longer with respect to that achieved by supportive care alone, Yoga alone, or IL-2 plus MLT alone (1 year). Conclusions: This study would suggest that a spiritual therapeutic approach may improve the survival time of untreatable metastatic solid tumor patients.
The importance of spirituality in supportive care / G. Messina, S. Anania, C. Bonomo, L. Veneroni, A. Andreoli, F. Mameli, C. Ortolina, P. De Fabritiis, P. Gaffuri, M. Imbesi, E. Moja. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF YOGA. - ISSN 0973-6131. - 4:1(2011), pp. 33-38.
|Titolo:||The importance of spirituality in supportive care|
MESSINA, GIUSEPPINA (Primo)
ANANIA, STEFANIA (Secondo)
MOJA, EGIDIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||cancer ; yoga ; spirituality ; patient centred medicine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore M-PSI/08 - Psicologia Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0973-6131.78181|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|