Background.: Several simple measures of graft function after islet transplantation have been proposed but a comparative evaluation is lacking. Here, we compared the performance of five indices of β-cell function: β-score, transplant estimated function (TEF), homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) 2-B%, C-peptide/glucose ratio, and Secretory Units of Islets in Transplantation (SUIT). Methods.: Two cohorts of transplanted patients were analyzed. Cohort 1 consisted of 14 recipients with type 1 diabetes of islet transplantation whereas cohort 2 consisted of 21 recipients with type 1 diabetes of cultured islet cell graft. The five surrogate indices were compared against the first-and second-phase insulin response to arginine in cohort 1, and against the C-peptide response to a hyperglycemic clamp in cohort 2. Results.: We found that the performances of the five surrogate indices were close one to each other in cohort 1. The correlation coefficients ranged 0.62 to 0.67 and 0.62 to 0.68 against the first-and second-phase insulin response to arginine, respectively. In cohort 2, we found that the β-score, TEF, C-peptide/glucose ratio, and SUIT were reasonably well correlated with the clamp response (correlation coefficients were in the range 0.71-0.81), whereas HOMA2-B% showed a modest performance (r=0.54). HOMA2-B% could not be evaluated in one patient whose fasting glucose concentration level was below the lower bound indicated by the HOMA calculator (3 mmol/L). SUIT could not be evaluated in three patients whose fasting glucose concentration was below the glucose threshold of the SUIT formula (3.43 mmol/L). Conclusion.: In summary, no single index ouperformed the others. Nevertheless, when the benefit to cost ratio is considered, TEF stands out for its good performance at a very low cost.

Comparative evaluation of simple indices of graft function after islet transplantation / A. Caumo, P. Maffi, R. Nano, L. Luzi, R. Hilbrands, P. Gillard, D. Jacobs-Tulleneers-Thevissen, A. Secchi, B. Keymeulen, D. Pipeleers, L. Piemonti. - In: TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 0041-1337. - 92:7(2011 Oct 15), pp. 815-821.

Comparative evaluation of simple indices of graft function after islet transplantation

A. Caumo
Primo
;
L. Luzi;A. Secchi;L. Piemonti
2011-10-15

Abstract

Background.: Several simple measures of graft function after islet transplantation have been proposed but a comparative evaluation is lacking. Here, we compared the performance of five indices of β-cell function: β-score, transplant estimated function (TEF), homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) 2-B%, C-peptide/glucose ratio, and Secretory Units of Islets in Transplantation (SUIT). Methods.: Two cohorts of transplanted patients were analyzed. Cohort 1 consisted of 14 recipients with type 1 diabetes of islet transplantation whereas cohort 2 consisted of 21 recipients with type 1 diabetes of cultured islet cell graft. The five surrogate indices were compared against the first-and second-phase insulin response to arginine in cohort 1, and against the C-peptide response to a hyperglycemic clamp in cohort 2. Results.: We found that the performances of the five surrogate indices were close one to each other in cohort 1. The correlation coefficients ranged 0.62 to 0.67 and 0.62 to 0.68 against the first-and second-phase insulin response to arginine, respectively. In cohort 2, we found that the β-score, TEF, C-peptide/glucose ratio, and SUIT were reasonably well correlated with the clamp response (correlation coefficients were in the range 0.71-0.81), whereas HOMA2-B% showed a modest performance (r=0.54). HOMA2-B% could not be evaluated in one patient whose fasting glucose concentration level was below the lower bound indicated by the HOMA calculator (3 mmol/L). SUIT could not be evaluated in three patients whose fasting glucose concentration was below the glucose threshold of the SUIT formula (3.43 mmol/L). Conclusion.: In summary, no single index ouperformed the others. Nevertheless, when the benefit to cost ratio is considered, TEF stands out for its good performance at a very low cost.
Insulin secretion; Islet transplantation; Modeling
Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica e Informatica
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/162803
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