The extent and time course of suppression of endogenous glucose production (EGP) in type 2 diabetes after a mixed meal have been determined using a new tracer methodology. Groups of age-, sex-, and weight-matched normal controls (n = 8) and diet-controlled type 2 diabetic subjects (n = 8) were studied after ingesting a standard mixed meal (550 kcal; 67% carbohydrate, 19% fat, 14% protein). There was an early insulin increment in both groups such that, by 20 min, plasma insulin levels were 266 +/- 54 and 190 +/- 53 pmol/l, respectively. EGP was similar basally [2.55 +/- 0.12 mg x kg(-1) x min(-1) in control subjects vs. 2.92 +/- 0.16 mg x kg(-1) x min(-1) in the patients (P = 0.09)]. After glucose ingestion, EGP declined rapidly in both groups to approximately 50% of basal within 30 min of the meal. Despite the initial rapid decrease, the EGP was significantly greater in the diabetic group at 60 min (1.75 +/- 0.12 vs. 1.05 +/- 0.14 mg x kg(-1) x min(-1); P < 0.01) and did not reach nadir until 210 min (0.96 +/- 0.17 mg x kg(-1) x min(-1)). Between 60 and 240 min, EGP was 47% higher in the diabetic group (0.89 +/- 0.09 vs. 1.31 +/- 0.13 mg x kg(-1) x min(-1), P < 0.02). These data quantitate the initial rapid suppression of EGP after a mixed meal in type 2 diabetes and the contribution of continuing excess glucose production to subsequent hyperglycemia.
|Titolo:||Regulation of endogenous glucose production after a mixed meal in type 2 diabetes|
CAUMO, ANDREA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Insulin sensitivity; Liver|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica e Informatica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1152/ajpendo.00424.2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|