To maintain genome stability, cells have developed repair and tolerance mechanisms to counteract the effects of DNA damage. Post-Replication Repair (PRR) is the main tolerance pathway bypassing DNA lesions in S-phase. The mechanistic model of PRR involves two sub-pathways: the first is error-prone and related to Translesion DNA Synthesis (TLS), while the second is error-free and acts through template switching processes. The choice among these sub-pathways involves the covalent modification of the Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA), which functions as a molecular switch. In particular, the mono-ubiquitylation of PCNA drives the PRR pathway to TLS, while PCNA poly-ubiquitylation directs PRR to the error-free sub-pathway. We are exploiting a Systems Biology approach to investigate the PRR sub-pathways, through iterative cross-talks between wet-lab data, mathematical modelling and simulations, to better understand the cellular response to UV-induced DNA damage. This approach is carried out in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae model system using PCNA mono- and poly-ubiquitylation as a readout of the response to increasing UV doses. Time-course experiments reveal that PCNA mono- and poly-ubiquitylated forms are switched off at low UV doses, while at high doses both signals are still present after 5 h. Preliminary simulation data implicate a deubiquitylation mechanism to switch off the PRR signals , but the contribution of additional mechanisms is under evaluation.

PCNA ubiquitylation as the wet readout of a Post-Replication Repair computational model / F. Amara, R. Colombo, F. Spadaro, D. Besozzi, M. Muzi-Falconi, P. Plevani. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Ubiquitin and ubiquitin-like modifiers: from functional modules to Systems Biology tenutosi a Cavtat (Dubrovnik), Croatia nel 2011.

PCNA ubiquitylation as the wet readout of a Post-Replication Repair computational model

F. Amara
Primo
;
D. Besozzi;M. Muzi-Falconi
Penultimo
;
P. Plevani
Ultimo
2011

Abstract

To maintain genome stability, cells have developed repair and tolerance mechanisms to counteract the effects of DNA damage. Post-Replication Repair (PRR) is the main tolerance pathway bypassing DNA lesions in S-phase. The mechanistic model of PRR involves two sub-pathways: the first is error-prone and related to Translesion DNA Synthesis (TLS), while the second is error-free and acts through template switching processes. The choice among these sub-pathways involves the covalent modification of the Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA), which functions as a molecular switch. In particular, the mono-ubiquitylation of PCNA drives the PRR pathway to TLS, while PCNA poly-ubiquitylation directs PRR to the error-free sub-pathway. We are exploiting a Systems Biology approach to investigate the PRR sub-pathways, through iterative cross-talks between wet-lab data, mathematical modelling and simulations, to better understand the cellular response to UV-induced DNA damage. This approach is carried out in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae model system using PCNA mono- and poly-ubiquitylation as a readout of the response to increasing UV doses. Time-course experiments reveal that PCNA mono- and poly-ubiquitylated forms are switched off at low UV doses, while at high doses both signals are still present after 5 h. Preliminary simulation data implicate a deubiquitylation mechanism to switch off the PRR signals , but the contribution of additional mechanisms is under evaluation.
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
Settore INF/01 - Informatica
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
PCNA ubiquitylation as the wet readout of a Post-Replication Repair computational model / F. Amara, R. Colombo, F. Spadaro, D. Besozzi, M. Muzi-Falconi, P. Plevani. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Ubiquitin and ubiquitin-like modifiers: from functional modules to Systems Biology tenutosi a Cavtat (Dubrovnik), Croatia nel 2011.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/161770
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