Measuring insulin sensitivity in the presence of physiological changes in glucose and insulin concentrations, e.g., during a meal or OGTT, is important to better understand insulin resistance in a variety of metabolic conditions. Recently, two oral minimal models have been proposed to measure overall insulin sensitivity (S(I)) and its selective effect on glucose disposal (S(I)*) from oral tests. S(I) and S(I)* have been successfully validated against multiple tracer meal estimates, but validation against euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp estimates is lacking. Here, we do so in 21 subjects who underwent both a multiple-tracer OGTT and a labeled euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp. Correlation between minimal-model S(I), S(I) and corresponding clamp estimates S(I)(*clamp), S(I)(*clamp) was satisfactory, respectively r = 0.81, P < 0.001, and r = 0.71, P < 0.001. S(I) was significantly lower than S(I)(clamp) (8.08 +/- 0.89 vs. 13.66 +/- 1.69 10(-4) dl.kg(-1).min(-1) per microU/ml, P = 0.0002), whereas S(I) and S(I)(*clamp) were very similar (8.17 +/- 1.59 vs. 8.84 +/- 1.39 10(-4) dl.kg(-1).min(-1) per microU/ml, P = 0.52). These results add credibility to the oral minimal-model method as a simple and reliable physiological tool to estimate S(I) and S(I)*, also in large-scale clinical trials.
|Titolo:||Insulin sensitivity by oral glucose minimal models: validation against clamp|
|Parole Chiave:||Insulin action; Insulin resistance; Meal; Oral glucose tolerance test; Tracer kinetics|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica e Informatica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1152/ajpendo.00076.2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|