We present the dynamic structure factor S(Q,ω) of Na valence electrons in the range of momentum transfer 0.5k F<Q<2.4k F and energy transfer 3 eV <ω< 30 eV determined by inelastic x-ray scattering spectroscopy. In this range, we observe how the collective plasmon excitations decay into the single-particle excitation continuum. We compare the results to calculations using time-dependent density-functional theory with different approximations. The failure of both random-phase approximation and time-dependent local-density approximation (TDLDA) is shown to become important at k F<Q<2.4k F, while TDLDA with an additional inclusion of quasiparticle lifetime effects reproduces the experimental spectra well. The experimental valence-electron response reaches the single-particle spectrum surprisingly early, at Q≈1.5k F. This is manifested both in the spectral shape and the peak dispersion. The experimental spectra are nearly free of any fine structure, confirming that the peak-shoulder structure observed in many other materials is due to band-structure effects, which turn out to be negligible in Na.
Dynamical response function in sodium studied by inelastic x-ray scattering spectroscopy / S. Huotari, M. Cazzaniga, H.-Ch. Weissker, T. Pylkkanen, H. Muller, L. Reining, G. Onida, G. Monaco. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS. - ISSN 1098-0121. - 84:7(2011 Aug 05), pp. 075108.075108.1-075108.075108.8.
Dynamical response function in sodium studied by inelastic x-ray scattering spectroscopy
AbstractWe present the dynamic structure factor S(Q,ω) of Na valence electrons in the range of momentum transfer 0.5k F
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