The primary aim of intrathoracic staging in NSCLC is evaluation of mediastinal lymph nodes involvement. Approximately 30-40% of new diagnostic of NSCLC are N2 (stage llla and lllb). Stage lllb is not surgical and for stage llla the gold standard is induction therapy followed by surgical resection if a god response is obtained. Till few years ago CT scan and mediastinoscopy were the principal tools for staging the N factor, but has the sensitivity for 50% and mediastinoscopy was propose for the majority for cases. Recently PET changed the criteria of staging due to his high sensitivity and specificity: 80% and 94% respectively. So our policy of mediastinal staging of NSCLC is based on PET. If the primary tumor is positive at the PET scan but the nodes are negative we perform lung resection (lobectomy or pneumonectomy always with lynphadenectomy). If both lymph nodes and the tumor are positive at the PET scan we perform mediastinoscopy. In the last two years we introduced a new device: EBUS-Endobronchial Ultrasound- to perform Transbronchial Needle Aspiration- TBNA- of mediastinal lymph nodes. We perform this procedure in the operating room in local anaesthesia and sedation. We consider EBUS- TBNA a successful, minimally invasive and safe diagnostic tool that may be able to replace more invesive methods in the staging of lung cancer.
|Titolo:||Mediastinal staging in NSCLC|
SANTAMBROGIO, LUIGI (Primo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||5-lug-2006|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/21 - Chirurgia Toracica|
|Citazione:||Mediastinal staging in NSCLC / L. Santambrogio, L. Rosso. ((Intervento presentato al 4. convegno Slovak Surgical Congress tenutosi a Nitra (Slovakia) nel 2006.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|