The isolation of genes affecting plant shoot formation is an important prerequisite for understanding the logic of plant development as well as for manipulating plant architecture. To this aim, maize transpositional mutagenesis has been adopted in our laboratory and has led to the isolation of different developmental mutants that are currently under study. Two of them, shootmeristemless (sml) and fused leaves (fdl), are presently described. Their locations, on the long arm of chromosome 10 and chromosome 7 respectively, have been established by traditional B-A translocation mapping and subsequently by linkage analysis with visible, as well as molecular, markers. The sml gene is a recessive mutation affecting shoot apical meristem maintenance and lateral organ formation. Its introgression in different genetic backgrounds has highlighted the epistatic interaction between sml and the unlinked distorted growth (dgr) locus. Seeds homozygous for both sml and dgr loci have a shootless phenotype whereas Dgr/-sml/sml seeds produce plants with altered fillotaxis and abnormal leaf morphogenesis. Microscopy analysis of young dgr primordia will be presented showing that the mutation does not interfere with epidermis formation although cell shape is less regular than in the wild-type. The fdl mutation confers a pleiotropic phenotype to the maize plant, which is specifically confined to the juvenile phase. The lack of a regular coleoptile opening that in normal development occurs after germination, is one of the fdl specific traits that we are presently investigating, for its putative relationship with the programmed cell death (PCD) process. We will present preliminary data on the cloning of the fdl gene along with a description of the strategy we have undertaken for the isolation of novel alleles. They will constitute proof for the gene identity and will provide new genetic material suitable for functional studies.
Genetic dissection of shoot development in maize / J. Krstajic, P.S. Manzotti, A.P.A. Giulini, D. Durantini, S. Dolfini, N. Rascio, N. La Rocca, G.A. Gavazzi, G. Consonni - In: Proceedings of the 50. Italian Society of Agricultural Genetics Annual Congress[s.l] : Società Italiana di Genetica Agraria, 2006. - ISBN 88-900622-7-4. (( Intervento presentato al 50. convegno Convegno della Società Italiana di Genetica Agraria tenutosi a Ischia nel 2006.
|Titolo:||Genetic dissection of shoot development in maize|
GAVAZZI, GIUSEPPE ALESSANDRO (Penultimo)
CONSONNI, GABRIELLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||shoot development ; maize ; shootmeristemless mutant ; fused leaves mutant|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/07 - Genetica Agraria|
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||Società Italiana di Genetica Agraria|
|Tipologia:||Book Part (author)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03 - Contributo in volume|