Articular cartilage has limited repair and regeneration potential, and the scarcity of treatment modalities has motivated attempts to engineer cartilage tissue constructs. The use of chondrocytes in cartilage tissue engineering has been restricted by the limited availability of these cells, their intrinsic tendency to lose their phenotype during the expansion, as well as the difficulties during the first cell adhesion to the scaffold. Aim of this work was to evaluate the intra-articular adipose stromal vascular fraction attachment on silk fibroin scaffold to promote chondrocytes adhesion and proliferation. Physicochemical characterization has demonstrated that three-dimensionally organized silk fibroin scaffold is an ideal biopolymer for cartilage tissue engineering; it allows cell attachment, scaffold colonization, and physically cell holding in the area that must be repaired; the use of adipose-derived stem cells is a promising strategy to promote adhesion and proliferation of chondrocytes to the scaffold as an autologous human feeder layer.
|Titolo:||Regenerated silk fibroin scaffold and infrapatellar adipose stromal vascular fraction as feeder-layer : a new product for cartilage advanced therapy|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/02 - Fisiologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1089/ten.tea.2010.0636|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|