Secondary prevention after acute coronary syndromes should be aimed at reducing the risk of further adverse cardiovascular events, thereby improving quality of life, and lengthening survival. Despite compelling evidence from large randomized controlled trials, secondary prevention is not fully implemented in most cases after hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome. The Lazio Region (Italy) has about 5.3 million inhabitants (9% of the entire Italian population). Every year about 11 000 patients are admitted for acute coronary syndrome in hospitals of the Lazio Region. Most of these patients receive state-of-the art acute medical and interventional care during hospitalization. However, observational data suggest that after discharge acute coronary syndrome patients are neither properly followed nor receive all evidence-based treatments. This consensus document has been developed by 11 Scientific Societies of Cardiovascular and Internal Medicine in order develop a sustainable and effective clinical approach for secondary cardiovascular prevention after acute coronary syndrome in the local scenario of the Lazio Region. An evidence-based simplified decalogue for secondary cardiovascular prevention is proposed as the cornerstone of clinical intervention, taking into account regional laws and relative shortage of resources. The following appropriate interventions should be consistently applied: smoking cessation, blood pressure control (blood pressure < 130/80 mmHg), optimal lipid management (LDL cholesterol < 80 mmHg), weight and diabetes management, promotion of physical activity and rehabilitation, correct use of antiplatelet agents, beta-blockers, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers.

[Secondary cardiovascular prevention after acute coronary syndrome in clinical practice] / F. Colivicchi, A. Di Roma, M. Uguccioni, E. Scotti, F. Ammirati, M. Arcas, A. Avallone, O. Bonaccorso, G. Germanò, C. Letizia, D. Manfellotto, G. Minardi, C. Pristipino, F. D'Amore, C. Di Veroli, A. Fierro, R. Pastorellio, Q. Tozzi, M. Tubaro, M. Santini, F. Angelico, P. Azzolini, A. Bellasi, P. Brocco, L. Calò, E. Cerquetani, L. De Biase, M. Di Napoli, A. Galati, M. Gallieni, A. P. Jesi, A. Lombardo, V. Loricchio, F. Menghini, R. Mezzanotte, R. Minutolos, D. Mocini, G. Patti, R. Patrizi, G. Pajes, G. Pulignano, R. P. Ricci, R. Ricci, G. Sardella, S. Strano, D. Terracina, M. Testa, F. Tomai, R. Volpes, M. Volterrani. - In: GIORNALE ITALIANO DI CARDIOLOGIA. - ISSN 1827-6806. - 11:5 Suppl 4(2010 May), pp. S3-S29.

[Secondary cardiovascular prevention after acute coronary syndrome in clinical practice]

A. Bellasi;M. Gallieni;
2010-05

Abstract

Secondary prevention after acute coronary syndromes should be aimed at reducing the risk of further adverse cardiovascular events, thereby improving quality of life, and lengthening survival. Despite compelling evidence from large randomized controlled trials, secondary prevention is not fully implemented in most cases after hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome. The Lazio Region (Italy) has about 5.3 million inhabitants (9% of the entire Italian population). Every year about 11 000 patients are admitted for acute coronary syndrome in hospitals of the Lazio Region. Most of these patients receive state-of-the art acute medical and interventional care during hospitalization. However, observational data suggest that after discharge acute coronary syndrome patients are neither properly followed nor receive all evidence-based treatments. This consensus document has been developed by 11 Scientific Societies of Cardiovascular and Internal Medicine in order develop a sustainable and effective clinical approach for secondary cardiovascular prevention after acute coronary syndrome in the local scenario of the Lazio Region. An evidence-based simplified decalogue for secondary cardiovascular prevention is proposed as the cornerstone of clinical intervention, taking into account regional laws and relative shortage of resources. The following appropriate interventions should be consistently applied: smoking cessation, blood pressure control (blood pressure < 130/80 mmHg), optimal lipid management (LDL cholesterol < 80 mmHg), weight and diabetes management, promotion of physical activity and rehabilitation, correct use of antiplatelet agents, beta-blockers, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers.
Humans; Algorithms; Diabetes Mellitus; Alcohol Drinking; Italy; Acute Coronary Syndrome; Death, Sudden; Cardiovascular Diseases; Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors; Food Habits; Dyslipidemias; Secondary Prevention; Hypertension
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/158883
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