To evaluate the effects of variations in the thermal state of the overriding plate on the slab dip in an ocean-continent subduction system, a 2-D finite element thermomechanical model was implemented. The lithosphere base was located at the depth of the 1600 K isotherm. Numerical simulations were performed while taking into account four different initial thicknesses for the oceanic lithosphere (60, 80, 95 and 110 km) and five different thicknesses of the overriding plate, as compared in terms of the continental-oceanic plate thickness ratio (100, 120, 140, 160 and 200% of the oceanic lithosphere thickness). The results of numerical modeling indicate that a high variability of the subducting plate geometry occurs for an oceanic lithosphere thickness ranging from 60 to 80 km, while the variability decreases where the oceanic plates are thicker (95 and 110 km). Furthermore, the slab dip strongly depends on the thermal state of the overriding plate and, in particular, the slab dip decreases with the increase in the upper plate thickness. The model predictions also confirm that a direct correlation between the slab dip and the age of the oceanic lithosphere does not exist, at least for subduction plates thinner that 110 km. These conclusions are supported by the good agreement between the model results and the natural data referring to worldwide ocean-continent subduction zones.
The effects of the overriding plate thermal state on the slab dip in an ocean-continent subduction system / M. Roda, A. M. Marotta, M.I. Spalla. - In: COMPTES RENDUS. GÉOSCIENCE. - ISSN 1631-0713. - 343:5(2011 May), pp. 323-330.
|Titolo:||The effects of the overriding plate thermal state on the slab dip in an ocean-continent subduction system|
RODA, MANUEL (Primo)
MAROTTA, ANNA MARIA (Secondo)
SPALLA, MARIA IOLE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Lithosphere thermal state; Numerical models; Slab dip; Subduction zones|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/10 - Geofisica della Terra Solida|
Settore GEO/03 - Geologia Strutturale
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crte.2011.01.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|