We present an approach, framed in information theory, to assess nonlinear causality between the subsystems of a whole stochastic or deterministic dynamical system. The approach follows a sequential procedure for nonuniform embedding of multivariate time series, whereby embedding vectors are built progressively on the basis of a minimization criterion applied to the entropy of the present state of the system conditioned to its past states. A corrected conditional entropy estimator compensating for the biasing effect of single points in the quantized hyperspace is used to guarantee the existence of a minimum entropy rate at which to terminate the procedure. The causal coupling is detected according to the Granger notion of predictability improvement, and is quantified in terms of information transfer. We apply the approach to simulations of deterministic and stochastic systems, showing its superiority over standard uniform embedding. Effects of quantization, data length, and noise contamination are investigated. As practical applications, we consider the assessment of cardiovascular regulatory mechanisms from the analysis of heart period, arterial pressure, and respiration time series, and the investigation of the information flow across brain areas from multichannel scalp electroencephalographic recordings

Information-based detection of nonlinear Granger causality in multivariate processes via a nonuniform embedding technique / L. Faes, G. Nollo, A. Porta. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW E, STATISTICAL, NONLINEAR, AND SOFT MATTER PHYSICS. - ISSN 1539-3755. - 83:5 Pt 1(2011), pp. 051112.1-051112.15.

Information-based detection of nonlinear Granger causality in multivariate processes via a nonuniform embedding technique

A. Porta
Ultimo
2011

Abstract

We present an approach, framed in information theory, to assess nonlinear causality between the subsystems of a whole stochastic or deterministic dynamical system. The approach follows a sequential procedure for nonuniform embedding of multivariate time series, whereby embedding vectors are built progressively on the basis of a minimization criterion applied to the entropy of the present state of the system conditioned to its past states. A corrected conditional entropy estimator compensating for the biasing effect of single points in the quantized hyperspace is used to guarantee the existence of a minimum entropy rate at which to terminate the procedure. The causal coupling is detected according to the Granger notion of predictability improvement, and is quantified in terms of information transfer. We apply the approach to simulations of deterministic and stochastic systems, showing its superiority over standard uniform embedding. Effects of quantization, data length, and noise contamination are investigated. As practical applications, we consider the assessment of cardiovascular regulatory mechanisms from the analysis of heart period, arterial pressure, and respiration time series, and the investigation of the information flow across brain areas from multichannel scalp electroencephalographic recordings
Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica e Informatica
2011
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/157972
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