Enquiries centred on the perspective of users of psychiatric treatments and their families, has become an increasingly widespread method to improve the quality of treatments administered by health services. In this study, in particular, we examine the users' perception of the quality and variability of the effects of psychotherapies, the difficulties met, and the perceived help factors. The sample consists of 216 users of psychotherapy and 223 patients in psychiatric treatment with psychological support. They are outpatients, managed by the public health service. The questionnaires included closed ended, open-ended questions and scales that were previously tested on a sample of patients. The questionnaire for patients was anonymous and administered by researchers external to the medical staff. Irrespective of the diagnosis or of a concurrent pharmacological therapy, a high percentage of patients (75%), in both groups, feel improved. Improvement consist of the decrease of symptoms, a sense of feeling better, but also feeling grown up, more mature, having higher self-esteem and feeling more adequate in interpersonal relationships. This last type of result is significantly more frequent in the group of patients in psychotherapy. Besides these patients are faced with more difficulties and play more active a role while they are in treatment. The main difference between patients in psychotherapy and those in psychiatric management with psychological support is not indeed the identification of different perceived therapeutic factors, but rather the different evaluation of their relative importance. On the whole, the study seems to show that the effects of real psychotherapies include, beside an improvement of symptoms, the achievement of goals of personal growth and maturity, self-satisfaction and an increase in self-esteem, all in accordance with a conception of health as well-being and self-satisfaction rather than as absence of illness.
|Titolo:||The effects of psychoterapies : a study on patients'perception of results in an Italian public setting|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1177/002076400004600406|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|